Acinetobacter Infection: Description, Causes and Risk FactorsA genus of nonmotile, aerobic bacteria containing Gram negative or variable coccoid or short rods, or cocci, often occurring in pairs. They can also cause severe primary infections in immunocompromised people. The type species is Acinetobacter calcoaceticus.Alternative Name: Lingelsheimia.Acinetobacter is a group of bacteria commonly found in soil and water. It can also be found on the skin of healthy people, especially healthcare personnel. While there are many types or “species” of Acinetobacter and all can cause human disease, Acinetobacter baumannii accounts for about 80% of reported infections.Outbreaks of Acinetobacter infections typically occur in intensive care units and healthcare settings housing very ill patients. Acinetobacter infections rarely occur outside of healthcare settings.Acinetobacter poses very little risk to healthy people. However, people who have weakened immune systems, chronic lung disease, or diabetes may be more susceptible to infections with Acinetobacter. Hospitalized patients, especially very ill patients on a ventilator, those with a prolonged hospital stay, or those who have open wounds, are also at greater risk for Acinetobacter infection. Acinetobactercan be spread to susceptible persons by person-to-person contact, contact with contaminated surfaces, or exposure in the environment.Symptoms:Acinetobacter causes a variety of diseases, ranging from pneumonia to serious blood or wound infections and the symptoms vary depending on the disease. Typical symptoms of pneumonia could include fever, chills, or cough. Acinetobacter may also “colonize” or live in a patient without causing infection or symptoms, especially in tracheostomy sites or open wounds.Diagnosis:Laboratory: A blood cell count is nonspecific and leukocytosis is not a universal clinical feature of infections with Acinetobacter. The organism may be cultured from routine clinical specimens, cerebrospinal fluid, blood, respiratory secretions, peritoneal fluid, wound exudates, or urine.Imaging: Chest radiograph and CT scans are useful in defining the extent of a nosocomial infection by any organism or to rule out other causes of the patient's symptoms.Other tests: These tests would be related to the organ system involved. Culture results should be interpreted carefully. Colonization with Acinetobacter occurs on skin, wounds, and respiratory epithelium. Identifying Acinetobacter in the absence of clinical signs of infection may represent colonization, which does not warrant treatment.Treatment Options:Mild to moderate infections may respond to monotherapy. Traumatic wound infections can be treated with minocycline. Serious infections are treated with combination therapy — typically, imipenem, or a ?-lactam/?-lactamase inhibitor plus an aminoglycoside.To prevent spread, health care practitioners should use contact precautions and appropriate ventilator care and cleaning for patients colonized or infected with MDR-AB.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
New research from the University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), the Netherlands, found a link between the healthy gut microbiome and certain dietary patterns and food groups. The researchers suggest that this type of diet may become a treatment for Crohn’s disease,...
A new study from the University of Oslo suggests that, despite the effects of “baby brain” and sleepless nights in new mothers, having children may make women mentally sharper in later life. For the study, the team of scientists analyzed MRI scans of more than 12,000...
No Results Found
The page you requested could not be found. Try refining your search, or use the navigation above to locate the post.
When it is so hot outside you still can find hundreds of ways to cool yourself and drinking a mocktail is one of them. Here are few wonderful recipes for you to try. Kiwi Sour 1 oz orange juice 3 slices kiwi 0.75 oz demerara green tea syrup 0.75 oz lime juice 1 oz...
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.