Acrania Symptoms:A variety of other abnormalities can be seen with acrania. Many fetuses with this condition also have anencephaly, where part of the brain is missing along with the skull and scalp. Cleft lip, heart defects, and gastrointestinal abnormalities can also occur. Acrania on its own is invariably fatal, and these other defects may not be diagnosed unless parents specifically request an autopsy.Diagnosis:Acrania can be diagnosed early in pregnancy through an ultrasound. This anomaly appears during the beginning or end of the fourth week of the fetus's development. An absence of the skull is needed in order to make a diagnosis. A presence of brain tissue will confirm the diagnosis of Acrania and differentiate it from other developmental problems such as Anencephaly.
Treatment:Sadly, there is no medical treatment for Acrania. Due to the lack of development of babies' brains, about 75 percent of infants are stillborn and the remaining 25 percent of babies die within a few hours, days or weeks after delivery. Care focuses on providing emotional support to your family. Our social workers will offer you a network of support groups with families going through similar issues.Many families find consolation knowing their child has not been forgotten by those who cared for him or her and that there are others who share in their grief.Also, we may recommend genetic counseling for parents to discuss the risk of recurrence in a future pregnancy as well as vitamin therapy (a prescription for folic acid) that can decrease the recurrence for ONTDs. Extra folic acid, a B vitamin, if taken one to two months prior to conception and throughout the first trimester of pregnancy, has been found to decrease the reoccurrence of ONTDs, for couples who have had a previous child with an ONTD.NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
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