Acute salpingitis

Acute salpingitis: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Salpingitis is inflammation of the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes extend from the uterus, one on each side, and both open near an ovary. During ovulation, the released egg (ovum) enters a fallopian tube and is swept along by tiny hairs towards the uterus. Acute salpingitis is one of the most common gynecologic diseases and occurs in approximately 750,000 women each year in the United States.Acute salpingitis is often caused by a vaginal or cervical infection. If this infection travels up into the uterus, it can reach the fallopian tubes. The infection may have been sexually acquired or it may have been due to a medical or surgical procedure such as childbirth or insertion of an IUD.Salpingitis is also called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). But the term “PID” refers to infection and inflammation in any of the reproductive organs. “Acute salpingitis” is the specific term for infection of the fallopian tubes.Most cases are caused by bacteria. In nine out of 10 cases of acute salpingitis, bacteria are the cause. Some of the most common bacteria responsible for acute salpingitis may include:acute salpingitisChlamydia.
  • Gonococcus.
  • Mycoplasma.
  • Staphylococcus.
  • Streptococcus.
The bacteria must gain access to the woman's reproductive system for infection to take place. The bacteria can be introduced in a number of ways, including:Sexual intercourse. Lifestyle factors that significantly increase a woman's risk of contracting acute salpingitis may include:Engaging in sexual intercourse without a condom.
  • Prior infection with a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
Symptoms:In milder cases, acute salpingitis may have no symptoms. This means the fallopian tubes may become damaged without the woman even realizing she has an infection. The most common symptoms of acute salpingitis may include:Abnormal vaginal discharge, such as unusual color or smell.
  • Spotting between periods.
  • Dysmenorrhea (painful periods).
  • Pain during ovulation.
  • Uncomfortable or painful sexual intercourse.
  • Fever.
  • Abdominal pain on both sides.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • The symptoms usually appear after the menstrual period.
Diagnosis:No single test diagnoses acute salpingitis. Instead, tests are done to rule out other problems. First, your healthcare provider examines you and asks about your symptoms and health history. Then, you'll likely have one or more of the following tests:Urine test to check samples of urine for signs of infection.
  • Blood tests to check samples of blood in the lab for problems.
  • Vaginal or cervical culture to take a sample of mucus or cells from the vagina or cervix and check them for infection.
  • Pelvic ultrasound to look at images of your pelvic organs. During ultrasound, images are created using painless sound waves.
  • A CT scan to take more detailed images of the pelvic organs.
Treatment:To treat the infection, you will be given antibiotic medications. If the infection is mild, you will be able to take these at home. Take all of the medication as directed until it is gone, even if you feel better. In some cases, you may also receive an injection of medication. If the infection is severe, a hospital stay may be required. This is so antibiotics can be given through an IV line. In most cases, antibiotics cure the infection.NOTE: The above information is for processing purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


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