Adenitis: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Inflammation of the lymph node. It is a lymph node disorder.A lymph node disorder is a condition in which the lymph nodes, an important part of the immune system, become enlarged in response to an underlying disease process. In addition to producing enlargement of nodes and related organs, disorders of the lymphatic system can reduce the body's ability to fight infection.Types of Lymph Nodes: Abdominal lymph nodes, accessory lymph nodes, accessory nerve lymph nodes, anorectal lymph nodes, anterior axillary lymph nodes, anterior cervical lymph nodes, anterior deep cervical lymph nodes, anterior jugular lymph nodes, anterior mediastinal lymph nodes, anterior superficial cervical lymph nodes, anterior tibial lymph node, apical axillary lymph nodes, appendicular lymph nodes, axillary lymph nodes, bifurcation lymph nodes, brachial lymph nodes, brachiocephalic lymph nodes, bronchopulmonary lymph nodes, buccal lymph node, carinal lymph nodes, celiac lymph nodes, central axillary lymph nodes, central mesenteric lymph nodes, central superior mesenteric lymph nodes, colic lymph nodes, common iliac lymph nodes, companion lymph nodes of accessory nerve, cubital lymph nodes, cystic lymph node, deep anterior cervical lymph nodes, deep inguinal lymph nodes, deep lateral cervical lymph nodes, deep parotid lymph nodes, external iliac lymph nodes, facial lymph nodes, fibular lymph node, foraminal lymph node, gastroduodenal lymph nodes, gluteal lymph nodes, hepatic lymph nodes, hilar lymph nodes, humeral axillary lymph nodes, ileocolic lymph nodes, inferior epigastric lymph nodes, inferior mesenteric lymph nodes, inferior phrenic lymph nodes, inferior tracheobronchial lymph nodes,adenitis infraauricular deep parotid lymph nodes, infraauricular subfascial parotid lymph nodes, intercostal lymph nodes, interiliac lymph nodes, intermediate lacunar lymph node, intermediate lumbar lymph nodes, internal iliac lymph nodes, interpectoral lymph nodes, intraglandular deep parotid lymph nodes, intraglandular parotid lymph nodes, intrapulmonary lymph nodes, jugulodigastric lymph node, juguloomohyoid lymph node, juxtaintestinal mesenteric lymph nodes, juxtaesophageal lymph nodes, lateral axillary lymph nodes, lateral jugular lymph nodes, lateral lacunar lymph node, lateral pericardial lymph nodes, left colic lymph nodes, left gastric lymph nodes, left gastroepiploic lymph nodes, left gastroomental lymph nodes, left lumbar lymph nodes, lingual lymph nodes, lumbar lymph nodes, lymph node of anterior border of omental foramen, lymph node of arch of azygos vein, lymph node of azygos arch, lymph node of ligamentum arteriosum, lymph nodes around cardia of stomach, lymph nodes of abdominal organs, lymph nodes of elbow, lymph nodes of head and neck, lymph nodes of lower limb, lymph nodes of upper limb, malar lymph node, mandibular lymph node, mastoid lymph nodes, medial lacunar lymph node, mesenteric lymph nodes, mesocolic lymph nodes, middle colic lymph nodes, middle group of mesenteric lymph nodes, middle rectal lymph node, nasolabial lymph node, obturator lymph nodes, occipital lymph nodes, pancreatic lymph nodes, pancreaticoduodenal lymph nodes, pancreaticosplenic lymph nodes, paramammary lymph nodes, pararectal lymph nodes, parasternal lymph nodes, paratracheal lymph node, parauterine lymph nodes, paravaginal lymph nodes, paravesical lymph nodes, parietal lymph nodes, pectoral axillary lymph nodes, pelvic lymph nodes, peroneal lymph node, popliteal lymph nodes, posterior axillary lymph nodes, posterior mediastinal lymph nodes, posterior tibial lymph node, preauricular deep parotid lymph nodes, prececal lymph nodes, prelaryngeal lymph nodes, prepericardial lymph nodes, pretracheal lymph nodes, prevertebral lymph nodes, proximal deep inguinal lymph node, pulmonary lymph nodes, pyloric lymph nodes, retroauricular lymph nodes, retrocecal lymph nodes, retropharyngeal lymph nodes, retropyloric lymph nodes, right colic lymph nodes, right gastric lymph nodes, right gastroepiploic lymph nodes, right gastroomental lymph nodes, right lumbar lymph nodes, sacral lymph nodes, sentinel lymph node, sigmoid lymph nodes, signal lymph node, splenic lymph nodes, subaortic lymph nodes, submandibular lymph nodes, submental lymph nodes, subpyloric lymph nodes, subscapular axillary lymph nodes, superficial inguinal lymph nodes, superficial lateral cervical lymph nodes, superficial parotid lymph nodes, superior gastric lymph nodes, superior mesenteric lymph nodes, superior phrenic lymph nodes, superior rectal lymph nodes, superior tracheobronchial lymph nodes, supraclavicular lymph nodes, suprapyloric lymph node, thoracic lymph nodes, thyroid lymph nodes, tracheal lymph nodes, visceral lymph nodes, visceral lymph nodes of abdomen.Adenitis is the inflammation of any gland, but the term adenitis usually refers to the lymph nodes in the neck, armpit and groin. These are called the sentinel lymph glands, because they help to prevent the spread of infection from the head and limbs via the lymph to the blood.Location-specific inflammation of lymph nodes is referred to as a type of adenitis, with the main symptoms in all areas being pain, and possibly drainage from the swelling. For e.g. Inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck is referred as cervical adenitis. Mesenteric adenitis is swelling of one or more lymph nodes on the right side of the abdomen, usually exactly above the appendix. Bartholin adenitis inflammation of the greater vestibular gland (Bartholin's gland) resulting from acute infection of the gland, vestibular adenitis chronic inflammation of the lesser vestibular glands, producing small, extremely painful ulcerations of the vestibular mucosa, etc.There are no known exact causes for adenitis, but it is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection.Risk Factors:Localized bacterial infection.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Bacterial infection as Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.
Symptoms:Some common symptoms includePain.
  • Swelling.
  • Cellulitis.
  • Fever.
  • Malaise.
  • Muscle stiffness.
Diagnosis:In general, physician diagnose adenitis by taking a medical history; asking how and when symptoms occurred, studying blood test if any signs of infection; and reviewing imaging studies.Treatment:Simple adenitis symptoms can be cured at home by getting sufficient rest, placing a moist and warm washcloth on the swollen area, and good posture. In older patients with less severe symptoms, oral antibiotics are usually sufficient. Sometimes, one or two injections of antibiotics will be given as well. Fatty acid supplementation, evening primrose oil, 500 mg twice daily.Note:The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


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