Alkalosis


Alkalosis

Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Alkalosis refers to a condition reducing hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood plasma. Generally, this disease is said to occur when pH of the blood exceeds 7.45. The opposite condition is acidosis (when pH falls below 7.35).

alkalosis

The main cause of respiratory alkalosis is hyperventilation, resulting in a loss of carbon dioxide. Compensatory mechanisms for this would include increased dissociation of the carbonic acid buffering intermediate into hydrogen ions, and the related excretion of bicarbonate, both of which lower blood pH.

Metabolic alkalosis can be caused by prolonged vomiting resulting in a loss of hydrochloric acid with the stomach content, severe dehydration, and the consumption of alkali are other causes. It can also be caused by administration of diuretics and endocrine disorders such as Cushing's syndrome. Compensatory mechanism for metabolic this disease involves slowed breathing by the lungs to increase serum carbon dioxide, a condition leaning toward respiratory acidosis. As respiratory acidosis often accompanies the compensation for metabolic alkalosis, and vice versa, a delicate balance is created between these two conditions.

Prevention is usually depends on the cause of the alkalosis. Normally, people with healthy kidneys and lungs do not have significant this disease.

Symptoms:

    Confusion (can progress to stupor or coma).

  • Hand tremor.

  • Lightheadedness.

  • Muscle twitching.

  • Nausea, vomiting.

  • Numbness or tingling in the face, hands, or feet.

  • Prolonged muscle spasms (tetany).

Diagnosis:

An arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and basic metabolic panel (BMP) will confirm this disease and determine if it is respiratory alkalosis or metabolic alkalosis.

Other tests may be needed to determine the cause of the this disease. These may include:

    Urinalysis.

  • Urine pH.

Treatment:

To treat alkalosis, your health care provider needs to find the cause.

For alkalosis caused by hyperventilation, breathing into a paper bag allows you to keep more carbon dioxide (CO2) in your body, which improves the this disease. If your oxygen level is low, you may receive oxygen.

Some people need medications to correct chemical loss (such as chloride and potassium). Your health care provider will monitor your vital signs (temperature, pulse, rate of breathing, blood pressure).

NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

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