Alkalosis


Alkalosis

Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Alkalosis refers to a condition reducing hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood plasma. Generally, this disease is said to occur when pH of the blood exceeds 7.45. The opposite condition is acidosis (when pH falls below 7.35).

alkalosis

The main cause of respiratory alkalosis is hyperventilation, resulting in a loss of carbon dioxide. Compensatory mechanisms for this would include increased dissociation of the carbonic acid buffering intermediate into hydrogen ions, and the related excretion of bicarbonate, both of which lower blood pH.

Metabolic alkalosis can be caused by prolonged vomiting resulting in a loss of hydrochloric acid with the stomach content, severe dehydration, and the consumption of alkali are other causes. It can also be caused by administration of diuretics and endocrine disorders such as Cushing's syndrome. Compensatory mechanism for metabolic this disease involves slowed breathing by the lungs to increase serum carbon dioxide, a condition leaning toward respiratory acidosis. As respiratory acidosis often accompanies the compensation for metabolic alkalosis, and vice versa, a delicate balance is created between these two conditions.

Prevention is usually depends on the cause of the alkalosis. Normally, people with healthy kidneys and lungs do not have significant this disease.

Symptoms:

    Confusion (can progress to stupor or coma).

  • Hand tremor.

  • Lightheadedness.

  • Muscle twitching.

  • Nausea, vomiting.

  • Numbness or tingling in the face, hands, or feet.

  • Prolonged muscle spasms (tetany).

Diagnosis:

An arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis and basic metabolic panel (BMP) will confirm this disease and determine if it is respiratory alkalosis or metabolic alkalosis.

Other tests may be needed to determine the cause of the this disease. These may include:

    Urinalysis.

  • Urine pH.

Treatment:

To treat alkalosis, your health care provider needs to find the cause.

For alkalosis caused by hyperventilation, breathing into a paper bag allows you to keep more carbon dioxide (CO2) in your body, which improves the this disease. If your oxygen level is low, you may receive oxygen.

Some people need medications to correct chemical loss (such as chloride and potassium). Your health care provider will monitor your vital signs (temperature, pulse, rate of breathing, blood pressure).

NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Cart Preview

Top 7 Natural Remedies to Promote Regular Bowel Movements

Top 7 Natural Remedies to Promote Regular Bowel Movements

Sometimes it is difficult to have a bowel movement. Bowel movements range is different for everyone. However, movements from three times per week up to three times per day are considered as healthy. There are some natural methods that can help a person poop. Below,...

Scientists Found a Gene that May Protect Against Heart Disease

Scientists Found a Gene that May Protect Against Heart Disease

A team of scientists from the University of California identified a gene that may play role in preventing heart disease. The gene, called MeXis, acts within key cells inside clogged arteries to help remove redundant cholesterol from blood cells. The gene MeXis was...

Quiz about this article

Please answer on few questions to make our service more useful

Featured Products

8 Reasons to Start Riding a Bike

Spring is not far off and very soon you will see many people riding a bike. It's worth to join them and now we will give you the 8 reasons why. Weight control Scientists of the University of Surrey (England) found that it's enough riding a bike for an hour, and, not...

read more

Simple Ways to Keep Fit Without Going to the Gym

We all want to get in shape and keep fit. But not everyone has time for visiting the gym. Give up the elevator. Give up lifts and climb the stairs. At work, at home, at the mall. This simple advice is a great benefit if you follow it daily. Climbing the stairs...

read more