- Skin disorders: Common skin problems such as fistulas, fissures, psoriasis, eczema, allergic or contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and hemorrhoids can involve and irritate the area in and around your anus.
- Yeast infections: This common infection, which usually affects women, can irritate your genital and anal areas.
- Infections: In children, the parasite that causes pinworms can cause persistent anal itching.
- Other causes may include: Hemorrhoids, anal abrasions, fistula, scabies, lice, fungus, and streptococcal skin infection.
- Too much moisture: Moisture around your anus from excessive sweating or from moist, sticky stools can be irritating and lead to anogenital pruritus.
- Dry skin: As you age, skin in and around your anus is more prone to dryness. Dry skin can cause a persistent, intense anal itching.
- Excessive washing: Excessive wiping with dry, harsh toilet paper or excessive scrubbing with harsh soaps and a washcloth can cause or aggravate anal itching.
- Chemical irritants: Certain laundry soaps, colognes, douches and birth control products contain chemicals that can irritate skin in and around your anus. Scented or colored toilet paper can be irritating to people with sensitive skin.
- Food irritants: Anogenital pruritus may be the result of irritating chemicals in some foods, such as those found in spices and hot sauces. Similarly, some foods may directly or indirectly irritate your anus as they exit your digestive system. Common culprits include chocolate, fruits, tomatoes, nuts and popcorn. Consuming certain beverages — possibly milk or caffeinated drinks — may cause some people to experience diarrhea followed by anogenital pruritus.
- Medications: Anogenital pruritus may be a side effect of certain medications, such as some antibiotics, that can cause frequent diarrhea.
- Overuse of laxatives: Excessive or improper use of laxatives can lead to chronic diarrhea and the risk of anal irritation and itch.
- Itching is worse at night.
- Itching is worse after a bowel movement.
- Anal burning sensation.
- Skin redness and swelling around the anus.
- Anoscopy (a scope is used to examine the anus and rectum
- Bacterial cultures.
- Gonorrhea testing.
- Chlamydia testing.
- Viral culture.
- Tape test for pinworms.
- Avoid laxatives.
- Avoid tight-fitting, synthetic clothing.
- Practice good hygiene.
- Avoid using anal performs, dyes, and any other irritants.
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