Arterial sclerosis

Arterial sclerosis

Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Alternative Name: Arteriosclerosis, vascular sclerosis.

It is general term for several pathologic conditions in which the walls of the arteries thicken, harden, and lose elasticity.

People often confuse arteriosclerosis with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a sub-group of arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is the most common type of arterial sclerosis. It is characterized by calcification of plaque buildup.

The arteries are responsible for carrying blood and oxygen to the tissues throughout the body. In arterial disease (atherosclerosis), the arteries become narrowed or blocked. When this happens, the body is unable to carry enough blood to the most distal portion of the extremities (fingers and toes). In more severe cases, the lower legs in their entirety can be affected.

Arterial sclerosis

Risk Factors Include:

    High fat diet.

  • High blood cholesterol level.

  • High blood pressure.

  • Smoking.

  • Stress.

  • Obesity.

  • Diabetes.

  • Heredity.

  • Advanced age.

  • Gender - Males are more susceptible to developing arteriosclerosis than Females.


    Numbness or tingling.

  • Pain when walking.

  • Pain when at rest (during sleep).

  • Skin appearing shiny and cool to touch.

  • Pale color to leg or feet when elevate.

  • Red or bluish color when feet are dangling.

  • Wounds that will not heal.

  • Toes that turn black.


The diagnosis of arterial sclerosis is based on the symptoms described, individualmedical history, and a physical examination.Your doctor may look for signs such as:

    A decreased pulse in a narrowed artery.

  • Decreased blood pressure in a limb.

  • A bulge in the abdomen or behind the knee.

Tests include:

    Blood test for cholesterol, sugar, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen.

  • CT scan.

  • EKG.

  • Echo.


The treatment of arteriosclerosis depends on the symptoms presented and severity of the condition. Treatment options range from light exercise to medication to surgery.

Treatment options include:

    Lifestyle changes such as diet, exercise, and smoking.

  • PTCA (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty).

  • Atherectomy directional, rotational, and laser.

  • CABG.

Steps to prevent arteriosclerosis

    Stop or decrease smoking. Nicotine in any form causes the arteries to constrict, decreasing blood flow.

  • Arteriosclerosis may be decreased with proper nutrition. Reducing cholesterol and saturated fats will help to lower your risks. People who suffer from arterial sclerosis should increase their intake of calcium and magnesium.

  • They should also reduce stress levels through relaxation techniques, eat a healthy, well balanced diet, quit smoking in a natural manner.

  • High blood pressure creates additional work for the heart and in turn increases the stresses placed on the arteries.

  • Diabetics are more prone to arteriosclerosis. It is recommended that you follow your physician's instructions for glycemic control, diet, and exercise.

Natural and holistic treatments are also effective in the treatment of cardiovascular health. Treatments such as herbal and homeopathic remedies are safe and gentle to use and improve the overall functioning of the heart, arteries and the entire cardiovascular system.

Disclaimer:The above information is general information (informational purpose only, sometimes may not be accurate). The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


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