- Type II atrial flutter: Rates of 330-450 per minute.
- Heavy alcohol use.
- High blood pressure (HBP).
- Congestive heart failure.
- Coronary artery disease.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
- Pulse that feels rapid, racing, pounding, fluttering, or too slow.
- Pulse that feels regular or irregular.
- Sensation of feeling the heart beat (palpitations).
- Sensation of tightness in the chest.
- Shortness of breath.
- HOLTER MONITOR (HM): This is a portable machine that records all of your heartbeats. You wear the monitor under your clothing. It records information about the electrical activity of your heart as you go about your normal activities for a day or two. You can press a button if you feel symptoms, so your doctor can know what heart rhythm was present at that moment.
- ELECTROCARDIOGRAM (ECG or EKG): In this noninvasive test, patches with wires (electrodes) are attached to your skin to measure electrical impulses given off by your heart. Impulses are recorded as waves displayed on a monitor.
- EVENT RECORDER: This device is similar to a Holter Monitor except that not all of your heartbeats are recorded. There are two recorder types: One uses a phone to transmit signals from the recorder while you're experiencing symptoms. The other type is worn all the time (except while showering) for as long as a month. Event recorders are especially useful in diagnosing rhythm disturbances that occur at unpredictable times.
- ECHOCARDIOGRAM (also called as echo): In this noninvasive test, sound waves are used to produce a video image of your heart. Sound waves are directed at your heart from a wand-like device (transducer) that's held on your chest. The sound waves that bounce off your heart are reflected through your chest wall and processed electronically to provide video images of your heart in motion, to detect underlying structural heart disease.
- CHEST X-RAY: X-ray images help your doctor see the condition of your lungs and heart. Your doctor can also use an X-ray to diagnose conditions other than atrial fibrillation that may explain your signs and symptoms.
- CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY (or) CORONARY ARTERIOGRAPHY. An X-ray examination of the blood vessels or chambers of the heart. A catheter is inserted into a blood vessel in your groin area or arm. The tip of the tube is positioned either in the heart or at the beginning of the arteries supplying the heart, and a special fluid (called a contrast medium or dye) is injected. This fluid is visible by X-ray, and the pictures that are obtained are called angiograms.
- Electrophysiologic study (EPS).
- Exercise treadmill ECG.
- Catheter ablation.
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