Benign cementoblastoma: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Benign cementoblastoma is a rare odontogenic tumor characterized by the formation of a mass of cementum or cementum-like tissue attached to the roots of a tooth. Cementoblastoma are distinctive but relatively uncommon tumors. The clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features of a case of benign cementoblastoma are presented in this paper along with a brief review of the literature.The cementoblastoma has been classified as a benign tumor of odontogenic origin derived from ectomesenchyme. It is an uncommon tumor comprising less than 0.69%-8% of all odontogenic tumors. The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified benign cementoblastoma and cementifying fibroma as the only true cemental neoplasms. The tumor arises mostly in the permanent dentition with a few incidences being reported in primary teeth. The most common site for occurrence of cementoblastoma is mandibular molar area with 50% of the cases involving the mandibular first molar teeth. Symptoms may be totally absent and when they occur pain and swelling are frequent findings.This tumor primarily affects adults with a mean age of 20.7 years. The male to female ratio has been reported to be 2.1:1 with a higher predilection for males. The mandible is more involved than maxilla. It is usually associated with roots of mandibular molar followed by mandibular premolar. This tumor is also associated with multiple teeth, impacted molars and deciduous teeth. The associated tooth is vital unless involved coincidentally.The cementoblastoma is distinguished from the osteoblastoma by its location in intimate association with a tooth root. The osteoblastoma arises in the medullary cavity of many bones, including the long bones, vertebrae and jaws. The prognosis is excellent, as the tumor does not recur after total excision.Symptoms:The lesion is slow growing and usually asymptomatic;however, pain and swelling have been reported in a numberof cases. Corticalexpansion and facial asymmetry are common.Radiographically, the lesion usually shows a radiopaque massoften fused with a root or roots of a tooth and surrounded andlimited peripherally by a radiolucent halo.Diagnosis:The differential diagnosis for the periapical radiopacity includes condensing osteitis, osteoblastoma, odontoma, periapical cemental dysplasia, and hypercementosis.The condition is usually diagnosed with a common x-ray, in which the mass is clearly visible at the root of the affected tooth. Further procedures, such as a CT scan, can confirm the diagnosis. In some cases, a biopsy (a small sample of tissue collected from the mass and examined under a microscope) is done.Histologically, the tumor presents cementum-like tissue with numerous reversal lines.Treatment:The most effective method of treatment is extracting the affected tooth and mass. Surgical excision of the mass with root amputation and endodontic treatment of the involved tooth is another option. The mass does grow slowly, but can cause discomfort for the patient as it gets larger. If left untreated, or if the mass is not removed completely, it will likely expand and affect other teeth and impact the healthy tissue.NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
New research, conducted by the scientists from King’s College London, UK, and China Medical University in Taichung, Taiwan, suggests that taking omega-3 supplements may help improve attention in some children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The...
A new study from the University at Buffalo, US, finds that insufficient sleep, less than 5 hours per night, can be harmful to bone health of postmenopausal women. For the study, a team of researchers analyzed health data from 11,084 postmenopausal women who...
No Results Found
The page you requested could not be found. Try refining your search, or use the navigation above to locate the post.
When it is so hot outside you still can find hundreds of ways to cool yourself and drinking a mocktail is one of them. Here are few wonderful recipes for you to try. Kiwi Sour 1 oz orange juice 3 slices kiwi 0.75 oz demerara green tea syrup 0.75 oz lime juice 1 oz...
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.