Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
Pain in the bones themselves is relatively uncommon, compared to muscle and joint pain. Bone pain can be caused by conditions that can be serious, so it should always be checked out by a Medical professional.
In some cases, the cause of bone pain may be obvious. Bone fractures caused by traumatic injury are usually painful. Osteoporosis, a condition which is characterized by loss of bone strength and mineral density, makes an individual very susceptible to bone fractures and bone pain.
Stress fractures are small hairline cracks in bones, usually in the shins or bones of the feet that are caused by Physical activity and overuse. Stress fractures can cause bone pain and inflammation around the area. They may be accompanied by other overuse injuries to muscles, tendons or ligaments.
Bone pain can be caused by a tumor that grows on a bone. Tumors that cause bone pain may be benign or malignant (cancerous); just because a bone tumor causes pain does not necessarily mean that it is cancer. Bone cancer that originates in the bone tissue is primary bone cancer. If a person has cancer elsewhere in their body, it can spread to the bones in some cases; this is called metastatic bone cancer. Leukemia, which is cancer of the white blood cells, is also known to cause bone pain.
Infections of the bones, called osteomyelitis, can cause bone pain. Bone infections are caused by bacterial agents in most cases. Bones can become infected if tissue near the bone is infected and the infection spreads, or if a person has surgery in the area. Bone infections can also occur if an infection becomes systemic and travels to the bone through the bloodstream.
Osteonecrosis is bone tissue death caused by decreased blood flow, or ischemia, to the bone. Osteonecrosis can lead to joint deterioration or bone collapse, if the tissue death is severe. This condition is common in individuals with sickle cell anemia. It can also be a complication of Radiation therapy for cancer treatment. The pain of this condition may gradually increase over time; however, if the bone collapses, severe acute pain usually results.
The signs and symptoms of bone pain include:
Swelling of bones and joints.
Problems with movement.
Susceptible to fractures.
Painful bones and joints - the pain is often worse at night.
Unexplained weight loss.
Fatigue and tiredness.
Fever and sweating.
Diagnostic tests that may be performed include:
Bone x-rays, including a bone scan.
CT and MRI scan.
Hormone level studies.
Pituitary and adrenal gland function studies.
Blood studies (such as CBC, blood differential).
Treatment will vary according to your diagnosis. Any bone fractures or breaks must be addressed. If you are found to have any underlying conditions, such as osteoporosis or cancer, you will require a long-term treatment plan specific to that diagnosis.
Prescription medications may include,
Drugs to relieve inflammation.
Antibiotics, if you have an infection.
Hormones, if you have a hormone imbalance.
Physical therapy or regular exercise can help you to feel better and increase your strength and stamina, while also increasing your bone mass. Before beginning an exercise regimen for bone pain, check with your doctor. High-impact exercises can aggravate some conditions.
NOTE: The above information is for processing purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
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