Description, Causes and Risk factors:
Bornholm disease is the rather ominous name for a temporary viral infection that targets the upper respiratory system. It is most common in children. Bornholm disease is also known as epidemic pleurodyniaand devil's grip.
Alternative Name: Epidemic pleurodynia, epidemic myalgia, epidemic myositis, Bamble disease, benign dry pleurisy, diaphragmatic pleurisy, epidemic benign dry,Daae disease, Sylvest disease, devil's grip, epidemic diaphragmatic pleurisy, epidemic transient diaphragmatic spasm.
The incubation period is usually 3-4 days. Bornholmsick can have a mild course, and if so easily confused with ordinary influenza.
Bornholm Disease is often caused by one of the group B coxsackie viruses.The viruses are present in the faeces of infected individuals. They spread through the fecal-oral route - entering the mouth on fingers that have touched contaminated items, such as nappies, toys, toilets, or have not been washed properly. The viruses can also be spread through saliva and nasal secretions. More commonly, it passes around from person to person, commonly by coughing or sneezing.
This disease usually occurs in epidemics, affecting those in close contact with others in settings such as nurseries and schools.Epidemics usually occur in the summer and autumn.
People of any age can be affected, although it is more common among those under 30.
The first symptoms are flu-like:
However, there may soon belong to worse symptoms, which comes in the attack. These are:
Strong, stinging pain around the chest - usually only on one side. This gives the pain by breathing and coughing.
The differential diagnosis includes pneumonia, pulmonary infarct, myocardial ischemia, herpes zoster, and Tietze's syndrome.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and will examine you. Your doctor may press on muscles in your chest to see if the pressure triggers a spasm of pain.
If your doctor is not sure of the diagnosis, you may need additional tests. These may include blood tests, X-rays of the chest or abdomen, an EKG, and a laboratory examination of body fluids or feces.Virologic diagnosis can be achieved by isolating group B coxsackievirus from throat washings or feces, or by demonstrating an increase in antibody titers.
No specific antiviral agent is available for therapy of enterovirus infections. Treatment focuses on management of complications (for example, meningitis, abnormal cardiac rhythms, and heart failure).
The best treatment is bed rest but along with rest a doctor may prescribe certain medications to reduce the symptoms. They include:
Pain killers may be given to reduce the pain
Antibiotics can be administered to reduce the infection in the initial stages.
Anti Inflammatory medications can be given.
Heat therapy can be given by placing a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel on the painful area.
Good hygiene and regular hand washing can reduce the risk of infection.
Antipyretics may be prescribed by the doctor to reduce temperature.
Natural Remedies for Bornholm Disease include:
Juices of pear, cranberry, apple, dark grapes and pomegranate: Any of the fruit juices mentioned here can be taken as they combat the flu-like symptoms.
Orange: This is the most ideal fruit for all types of bacterial or viral infections as this increases the body's resistance against infections.
Fenugreek tea, holy basil, black pepper, and honey.
Disclaimer: The following tests, drugs and medications, surgical procedures are in some way related to, or used in the treatment. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
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