- Electrolyte imbalance.
- Rheumatic fever.
- Viral myocarditis.
- Lyme disease.
- Valvular heart disease.
- Certain drugs.
- Smoking & tobacco use.
- Dizziness or lightheadedness.
- Mild fatigue.
- Irregular heart beat.
- Shortness of breath.
- Chest pain.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG): a test that records the heart's activity by measuring electrical currents through the heart muscle.
- Echocardiogram: a test that uses high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) to examine the size, shape, and motion of the heart.
- Holter monitor or event monitor: a portable, continuous heart rhythm monitor that you wear as you perform normal daily activities.
- Exercise stress test: a test that records the heart's electrical activity during increased physical activity.
- Nuclear scanning: radioactive material is injected into a vein and observed as it is distributed through the heart muscle to look for coronary artery disease.
- Coronary angiography: X-rays taken after a dye is injected into the arteries; this allows the doctor to look for abnormalities in the coronary arteries of the heart.
- Diagnosing and treating any underlying conditions.
- Medication to temporarily increase your heart rate.
- An artificial pacemaker to establish and maintain a normal heart rhythm.
- Eat a low-fat, low-salt diet.
- Get regular exercise. Your doctor can tell you what level of exercise is safe for you.
- Quit smoking, if you smoke.
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