Branchial cleft cyst


Branchial cleft cyst

Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Alternative Name: Branchial cyst.

ICD-10: Q18.0.

Branchial cleft cyst is a condition that has its beginning when the neck of the tiny embryo begins to take shape in the mother's womb. During this time of development, several deep grooves (branchial clefts) in the neck don't disappear as they should. As a result, a thin tube of tissue not much thicker than spaghetti remains under the skin of the neck. This tube usually runs from the middle or lower part of the neck upward and inward toward the throat on the side of the neck.

Branchial cleft cyst is most commonly seen in children and young adults.

Branchial cleft cyst

There are three different kinds of branchial cleft cysts, categorized according to their location in the neck. The first branchial cleft cyst is found in the neck just below the jaw. The tract of the cyst may extend as far as the outer ear canal. A second branchial cleft cyst is found in the lower part of the neck between the large neck muscle, the sternocleidomastoid and the trachea (windpipe). This tract may extend as far as tonsillar area of the throat. The third branchial cleft cyst is found on the chest wall just below the collar bone. The tract of the third branchial cleft cyst is usually only a few millimeters deep.

Symptoms:

Branchial cleft cyst appears as small pits, skin tags, or lumps which are present on either side of the neck or right under the collarbone. The cyst can be the size of a small olive or as largeas a chicken egg.Most of the time, the cyst is not painful. However, ifthe ?uid inside it becomes infected, it can be verypainful.The cyst may become enlarged, inflamed, or abscessed if the person suffers from some sort of ailment of the upper respiratory tract. The lump sometimes enlarges to such an extent that it causes difficulty in swallowing, troublesome breathing and hoarseness of voice. When the branchial cleft cyst symptoms are severe, fluid drainage from the pit on the neck is observed. This is a condition of medical emergency.

Diagnosis:

Usually the diagnosis can be made by taking adetailed history and doing a careful physicalexamination. If there are questions about thediagnosis, ultrasound can help clear up any doubts.Ultrasound is a convenient, painless, andharmless way to examine organs and tissues insidethe neck. It is especially useful to determine whetherthe ``mass'' is solid or ?lled with ?uid.

Treatment:

The appropriate treatment for a branchial cleft cyst or sinus is an operation to remove it. Having an operation to remove the cyst is necessary to prevent infection and to cure the problem. Branchial clef cysts will not go away without an operation, and once they are removed, the probably will not return. The operation is performed in Day Surgery and your child will be able to go home several hours after the procedure. On rare occasions the child will need to stay in the hospital for observation if respiratory problems occur after the operation.

NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Cart Preview

Red Wine May Protect Teeth from Cavities and Gum Disease

Red Wine May Protect Teeth from Cavities and Gum Disease

According to a Spanish research, led by Dr. Victoria Moreno-Arribas from the Spanish National Research Council in Madrid, drinking red wine may protect teeth by destroying bacteria causing cavities and gum disease. The researchers completed an experiment where they...

Running will Help Protect Memory from the Effects of Stress

Running will Help Protect Memory from the Effects of Stress

Numerous studies conducted earlier showed that regular exercises have a positive effect on physical and mental health. The new work of American scientists confirms this. They believe that running five kilometers once a day is useful for the hippocampus (the brain...

Quiz about this article

Please answer on few questions to make our service more useful

Featured Products

8 Reasons to Start Riding a Bike

Spring is not far off and very soon you will see many people riding a bike. It's worth to join them and now we will give you the 8 reasons why. Weight control Scientists of the University of Surrey (England) found that it's enough riding a bike for an hour, and, not...

read more

Simple Ways to Keep Fit Without Going to the Gym

We all want to get in shape and keep fit. But not everyone has time for visiting the gym. Give up the elevator. Give up lifts and climb the stairs. At work, at home, at the mall. This simple advice is a great benefit if you follow it daily. Climbing the stairs...

read more