- Infection that causes the buildup of toxin in the blood or tissues (sepsis).
- A bleeding or clotting disorder, such as hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, or thrombocytopenia.
- Other diseases that affect clotting (chronic inflammatory diseases, such as lupus; liver disease, such as cirrhosis; some types of cancer, such as Hodgkin's disease, leukemia, or multiple myeloma).
- Inflammation of a blood vessel (vasculitis).
- Malnutrition, such as deficiencies of vitamins B12, C, or K, or folic acid.
- Blood-thinning drugs reduce your blood's ability to clot. As a result, bleeding from capillary damage might take longer than usual to stop — which allows enough blood to leak out and cause a bruise.
- Topical and systemic corticosteroids — which can be used to treat various conditions, including allergies, asthma and eczema — cause your skin to thin, making it easier to bruise.
- Failure of blood to clot.
- Heavy menstrual bleeding.
- Gingival bleeding.
- Nosebleeds (epistaxis).
- Flu-like symptoms.
- Itching feeling.
- Joint pain.
- Nausea with or without vomiting.
- Weakness (loss of strength).
- Bilberry extract, best known for improving vision and optical health, contains anthocyanosides; these are potent antioxidants that may help reduce or eliminate bruising by stabilizing collagen, increasing intracellular vitamin C levels and strengthening capillaries.
- Eating red meat is the easiest way to boost your iron levels with food because the type of iron meat delivers is the easiest for your body to absorb. Other iron-rich food sources are chickpeas, beans, raisins, apricots, eggs, and fortified cereals.
- You're bruising easily and you're experiencing abnormal bleeding elsewhere, such as from your nose, gums or intestinal tract.
- You have no history of bruising but suddenly experience bruises, particularly if you recently started a new medication.
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