- Viral Infections (e.g. Mumps, glandular fever, rubella, toxoplasmosis and peritonsillar abscess).
- Fungal infections.
- Parasitic infections.
- Sexually transmitted disease such as syphilis, HIV.
- Cervical lymphadenitis.
- Strep throat.
- Cat scratch disease.
- Dental infection.
- Kawasaki disease.
- Viral pharyngitis.
- Viral syndrome.
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck have been associated with known mercury toxicity.
- Certain drugs too causes cervical lymph node swelling.
- Infected external ear: Infected pierced earring site, erysipelas, otitis externa.
- Swollen lymph nodes under the jaw.
- Neck swelling.
- Lumps under the skin.
- Neck pain.
- Facial swelling.
- Weight loss.
- Night sweats.
- Sore throat.
- Red throat.
- Muscle aches and stiffness.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Look in the pharynx for exudate.
- Note the lymph node distribution and size, and whether they are fixed, tender, or fixed.
- Have the patient bend the head forward and palpate along the trapezius.
- Have the patient lift their chin and palpate under the mandible.
- Ultrasonography can be combined with fine needle aspiration cytology in which a sample of cells from the lymph node is aspirated using a needle and examined under the microscope.
- Ultrasound is a useful imaging modality in evaluation of cervical lymphadenopathy because of its high sensitivity (98%) and specificity (95%) when combined with fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC).
- If the swelling is caused by infection, antibiotics medications may be prescribed.
- Applying warm compresses and elevating the affected area may also help to reduce swelling.
- People with immune disorders may also be prescribed medication to reduce swelling. A localized abscess may need to be drained by cutting the skin open and removing the infected material and careful examination under microscope. More severe episodes of swelling are often due to malignancy require appropriate treatment.
A large-scale scientific review, presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes meeting in Berlin, suggests that three to four cups of coffee a day may decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 25 percent. For the study, the researchers...
A new study, recently published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, suggests that exposure to blue light may help reduce high blood pressure. For the study, a team of researchers assessed whether blue light exposure could produce enough nitric oxide to...
Factors such as age, gender, physical activity, genetics, medical history, body type, and others directly affect not only the desire to lose weight, but also to follow the right diet. Everything is relative, everything is individual. Nevertheless, there are universal...read more
It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...read more
A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....read more