Coccidioidomycosis

Coccidioidomycosis: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Alternative Name: Posadas disease, coccidioidomycosis California disease, desert rheumatism, San Joaquin valley fever, Arizona valley fever, Valley fever.Types:Primary coccidioidomycosis.
  • Primary extrapulmonary.
  • Disseminated.
  • Secondary.
  • Subclinical.
Incubation period: 1-3 weeks.The estimated numbers of infections per year are above 150,000.Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that affects numerous species of animals (dogs, horses, cattle, etc) including humans. Coccidioidomycosis is caused by two species of fungi, Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii. Coccidioidomycosis results from inhaling the spores (arthroconidia, dimorphic fungus that grows as a mold in the soil) of Coccidioides species. Its species have a complex life cycle. In the soil, they grow as a mold with long filaments that break off into airborne spores when the soil is disturbed by either construction, wind, or digging. Once in the air, the spores of the valley fever fungus are inhaled as dust and they begin growing and replicating in the lungs.Risk Factors:People living in the endemic areas New Mexico, Arizona, California, and Texas have been estimated to have more chances of getting this disease.
  • Males and pregnant females have a higher risk of getting the disease.
  • Any immunosuppressed person has high risk of getting this disease.
  • People who works at the construction sites, archeological sites, have risks of getting this disease.
Symptoms:CoccidioidomycosisCommon symptoms include:Fever. Diagnosis:Accurate diagnosis of coccidioidomycosis is important because there are many diseasespretend to be coccidioidomycosis such as tuberculosis, arbovirus encephalitis, cryptococcosis, etc.Fortunately, a confirmative diagnostic test is easily done by microscopic examination of sputum or a tissue biopsy that show characteristic fungal spherules and endospores of Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii.Treatment:The acute form of it usually goes away without treatment. Your health care provider may recommend bedrest and treatment of flu-like symptoms until your fever disappears.The person with severe coccidioidomycosis treated with antifungal drugs. The drug of choice is usually amphotericin B, fluconazole, Diflucan, itraconazole, Sporanox, ketoconazole Nizoral, triazole, posaconazole can be used. No effective immunization available. Precautionary measures should be taken to avoid infection.Note:The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cart Preview

Probiotics May Protect You from Developing Osteoporosis

Probiotics May Protect You from Developing Osteoporosis

According to recent research, published in the journal Immunity, probiotics can be used safely and efficiently to fight osteoporosis, widely-known as osteoporosis. The researchers have used a mouse model to check the hypothesis. The mice received oral Lactobacillus...

A Hot Bath Can Reduce Inflammation and Improve Glucose Metabolism

A Hot Bath Can Reduce Inflammation and Improve Glucose Metabolism

A new study, published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, finds that a hot bath may help reduce inflammation and improve metabolism. As a part of an experiment, each study participant took a hot bath with water temperature 102°F (39°C) for one hour. The researchers...

[WpProQuiz 1]

Featured Products

The 5 Best Accessories for Sports Fans

It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...

read more

Exercise May Serve as an Antidepressant

A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....

read more