Coryza: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Alternative Name: Head cold, acute rhinitis.An acute catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose, marked by sneezing, lacrimation, and a profuse secretion of watery mucus; usually associated with infection by one of the common cold viruses. The disease is more common in children.Coryza is a viral infection which settles in the mucus membranes of the nose and it is a very frequent sight in the winter months in many regions of the world. This infection is usually harmless, although it can create several days of discomfort for the sufferer, and it resolves on its own after around 10 days.The most common exciting cause is exposure to draughts of air and sudden atmospheric changes, so common during the early winter and spring months. The chilling of the body by wet feet during inclement weather is a very common cause. It may arise from the inhalation of irritant vapors, dust, or pollen. At times it appears in epidemic form, which would suggest a specific germ. It also occurs as a symptom of several diseases, such as measles, scarlet fever, and the febriculas.There are presently more 200 known cold viruses, all of which cause similar reactions due to the fact that they infect the upper respiratory tract (the throat, nasal cavity, nasal passages, and even the auditory canals). The forms of cold virus most implicated in head colds are rhinoviruses, which are implicated in about half of all cases of the cold. Rhinovirus, which roughly translates to "virus of the nose" or "nasal poison," is so named because it is usually contracted through the nasal cavity. Rhinoviruses generally are consumed into the body, but it is theorized that they may cause greater effects on the brain and nasal system due to being the point of first contact.The other major classification of the head cold virus is coronaviruses. Only three or four of the 30 known coronaviruses are known to infect humans, but they are known to cause greater effects in adults.Symptoms of Coryza:CoryzaSymptoms may include:Runny nose.
  • Sore throat.
  • Cough.
  • Congestion.
  • Sneezing.
  • Headache.
  • Low-grade fever.
  • Feeling fatigue.
  • Muscle aches.
Diagnosis Coryza:Doctors are usually able to diagnose a cold from the typical symptoms. There are no laboratory tests readily available to detect Coryza. However, a doctor may do a throat culture or blood test to rule out a secondary infection. Influenza is sometimes confused with a cold, but flu causes much more severe symptoms and generally a fever.An allergist can do tests to determine if the cold-like symptoms are being caused by an allergic reaction.Treatment of Coryza:Home Remedies:Try steam bath to help ease your nasal problems. Mix together a few drops each of peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil, tea tree oil, and lavender oil. Boil some water and pour into a clean wash basin. Add this oil mixture and with a towel over your head, inhale the steam that comes from the basin.
  • Ginger tea mixed with a bit of honey will also help with clearing your nasal passages from head cold problems.
  • Bathe your head in a mixture of warm water mixed with a bit of cinnamon in it.
  • Try drinking tea that is made from any of the following herbs: Chamomile, peppermint, eucalyptus, and tea tree. Taking any of these teas at least a couple times a day will help ease your cold.
  • The simplest remedy for a head cold is to take in lots of fluids. Juices that are loaded with vitamin C and water can help you drain the nasal fluids faster from your nasal passages and vitamin C can help ward off any possible infections. Lemons, strawberries, guavas, oranges, grapefruits, limes and gooseberries work wonders in reducing the discomfort caused by a head cold.
Medications:Use cold medications. Cold medicines include ingredients such as acetaminophen, pseudoephedrine, and dextromethorphan which stop body aches, suppress coughs and relieve nasal congestion.Preventive Measures:Wash hands after contact with cold sufferers and objects and surfaces they may have contaminated.
  • Keep fingers out of the eyes and nose.
  • Avoid having cold sufferers cough and sneeze on you or in your direction.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


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