Disorganized schizophrenia: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:A severe form of schizophrenia characterized by the predominance of incoherence, blunted, inappropriate or silly affect, and the absence of systematized delusions. This form of schizophrenia usually starts between the ages of 15 and 25 years and tends to have a poor prognosis because of the rapid development of "negative" symptoms, particularly flattening of affect and loss of volition.Disorganized schizophrenia is one of several subtypes of schizophrenia, a chronic (long-term) mental illness - it is thought to be an extreme expression of disorganization syndrome that has been hypothesized to be one feature of a 3-factor model of schizophrenia symptoms; the others factors being delusions/hallucinations (Reality distortion) and psychomotor poverty (poor speech, lack of spontaneous movement, and blunting emotion).Causes & Risk Factors: Experts are not sure what the causes of disorganized schizophrenia and all other types of schizophrenia are. Studies suggest there is some kind of brain dysfunction, probably caused by a combination of environmental triggers and genetic factors.Genetics - individuals with a family history of schizophrenia have a higher risk of developing it themselves. A gene that is probably the most studied schizophrenia gene plays a surprising role in the brain: It controls the birth of new neurons in addition to their integration into existing brain circuitry, according to an article published by Cell. A Swedish study found that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have the same genetic causes.
Viral infection - if the unborn baby in the womb (fetus) is exposed to a viral infection, there is a greater risk of developing schizophrenia.
Fetal malnutrition - if the fetus suffers from malnutrition during the mother's pregnancy there is a higher risk of subsequently developing schizophrenia.
Stress during early life - experts say that severe stress early on in life may be a contributing factor towards the development of schizophrenia. Stressful occurrences often precede the emergence of schizophrenia. Before any acute symptoms are evident, people with schizophrenia habitually become bad-tempered, anxious, and unfocussed. This can trigger relationship problems. These factors are often blamed for the onset of the disease, when really it was the other way round - the disease caused the crisis. Therefore, it is extremely hard to know whether schizophrenia made certain stresses happen, or whether they occurred as a result of them.
Childhood abuse or trauma.
Age of parents when baby is born - older parents have a higher risk of having offspring who develop schizophrenia, compared to younger parents.
Drugs - the use of drugs that affect the mind or mental processes during adolescence may sometimes raise the risk of developing schizophrenia.
Symptoms:The mood is shallow and inappropriate and often accompanied by giggling or self-satisfied, self-absorbed smiling, or by a lofty manner, grimaces, mannerisms, pranks, hypochondriacal complaints, and reiterated phrases. Thought is disorganized and speech rambling and incoherent. There is a tendency to remain solitary, and behavior seems empty of purpose and feeling.Diagnosis:Diagnosis includes the following tests:Physical exam - the patient's height, weight, heart rate (pulse rate), blood pressure, temperature are checked. The doctor will listen to the heart and lungs, and also check the abdomen.
Psychological evaluation - the Psychiatrist will ask patients about their thoughts, feelings and behavior patterns. They will discuss symptoms, when they began, how severe they are, and how they may affect the patient's life. The doctor will also try to find out how often and when schizophrenia symptoms had occurred.
CBC (complete blood count) - to check for alcohol and drugs, as well as thyroid function.
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) or CT (computed tomography) scan - the aim here is to look for brain lesions or any abnormalities in the brain structure.
EEG (electroencephalogram) - to check for brain function.
Treatment:Disorganized schizophrenia is a condition that lasts throughout life - it is a chronic condition. Patients with disorganized schizophrenia need treatment on a permanent basis; even when symptoms seem to have gone away - a time when patients may be inclined to feel that they are fine and require no more help. Treatment is basically the same for all forms of schizophrenia; there are variations depending on the severity and types of symptoms, the health of the patient, his/her age, as well as some other factors.A team of Healthcare professionals will be involved in treating a person with disorganized schizophrenia. Schizophrenia can affect many areas of the patient's life - thus the team will include a wide range of dedicated professionals.Treatment options:Typical antipsychotics - although they are as effective in treating the same symptoms atypical antipsychotics are, patients are more likely to have extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), including involuntary movements of the face, tremor and Parkinsonian-type movements. The generic versions of these drugs are much cheaper than atypical antipsychotics.ECT (electroconvulsive therapy) - in this procedure an electric current is sent through the brain to produce controlled seizures (convulsion). It may be used on patients with severe symptoms or depression who either have not responded to other treatments or cannot take antidepressants. It is also sometimes used for patients at high risk of suicide. Experts believe that ECT triggers a massive neurochemical release in the brain, caused by the controlled seizure. Side effects may include short-term memory loss (usually resolves rapidly). It is important that the doctor explain clearly the pros and cons of ECT to the patient and/or guardian or family member.Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy consists of a series of techniques for treating mental health, emotional and some psychiatric disorders. Psychotherapy helps the individual understand what helps them feel positive or anxious, as well as accepting their strong and weak points. If patients can identify their feelings and ways of thinking there is a better chance of coping with challenging situations.Social and vocational skills training - this may help the patient live independently; a vital part of recovery for the patient. The therapist can help the patient learn good hygiene, prepare nutritional meals, and have better communication. There may be help in finding work, housing and joining self-help groups.NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
A new study, published in the journal Gut, suggests that women who drink two or more sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) per day are twice as likely to develop colorectal cancer before the age of 50. For their study, a team of researchers performed the analysis of data...
Recent research, conducted by scientists from McMaster University and Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin in Germany, found that bacteria do not colonize the digestive tract before birth – it happens during and after birth. For their study, a team of researchers...
No Results Found
The page you requested could not be found. Try refining your search, or use the navigation above to locate the post.
When it is so hot outside you still can find hundreds of ways to cool yourself and drinking a mocktail is one of them. Here are few wonderful recipes for you to try. Kiwi Sour 1 oz orange juice 3 slices kiwi 0.75 oz demerara green tea syrup 0.75 oz lime juice 1 oz...
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. Kangoo...
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.