Dry eye syndrome
- Being a woman.
- Dry environment or workplace (wind, air conditioning).
- Sun exposure.
- Smoking or second-hand smoke exposure.
- Cold or allergy medicines.
- An eye injury or other problem with your eyes or eyelids like a drooping eyelid or bulging eyes.
- Previous eye surgery.
- Scratchy, grainy, gravelly feelings in the eyes.
- Stringy mucus in or around the eyes.
- Excessive eye irritation from smoke or wind.
- Excess tearing.
- Difficulty wearing contact lenses.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Momentary or persistent blurring of vision that may fluctuate witheach blink.
- Examination of the area around the lacrimal sac: Looking fortumors in this area and palpating this area for tenderness maypoint towards a diagnosis.
- Schirmer tear test (measuring the volume of your tears): Filter-paper strips placed under the lower eyelids tomeasure the rate of tear production under various conditions.
- Diagnostic drop test (Determining the quality of your tears): Looks for certain patterns of surface eye dryness.
- Four drops of preservative free artificial tears in each eye everyday.
- Reduction or discontinuation of systemic drugs for allergies, insomnia and nervous disorders.
- As in mild dry eye good lid hygiene should be advised.
- Available without a prescription; can be used as often as necessary.
- If you are sensitive to the preservatives in artificial tears, preservative-free eyedrops are available.
- In 2002, the FDA approved the prescription eye drop Restasis for the treatment of chronic dry eye. It is currently the only prescription eye drop that helps your eyes increase their own tear production with continued use.
- Omega-3 fatty acids are available in foods and in supplements. Omega-3 fatty acid supplements can cause a fishy aftertaste and upset stomach. Instead, try adding foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids to your diet, such as canola oil, soybean oil, flaxseed oil, ground flaxseed, walnuts, salmon, tuna, mackerel, sardines, eggs from chickens fed with feed rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
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