- CAD (Coronary artery disease).
- MI (myocardial infarction), recent or past history.
- Valvular dysfunction.
- Left ventricular hypertrophy.
- Restrictive Lung Disorders.
- Hereditary Lung Disorders.
- Chronic pulmonary emboli.
- Pleural effusion.
- Neuromuscular disorders.
- Functional (anxiety, panic disorders, hyperventilation, etc).
- Chemical exposure.
- Is it getting worse (progressive)?
- How bad is it?
- Is there any ankle, feet, and leg swelling?
- How tall are you? How much do you weigh?
- What other symptoms do you have?
- Pulmonary function tests.
- Screening spirometry.
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