Dysuria: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Alternative Name: Painful urination.DysuriaThe urinary tract consists of several parts, each with a different function. The kidneys filter and remove waste products and water from the body and produce urine. Urine travels from the kidneys through two narrow tubes called ureters down to the bladder, where it is stored. When the bladder becomes full, it empties the urine through the urethra to the outside of the body.Causes and Risk Factors of dysuria may include:Urinary tract causes: Bacterial UTI, urethritis, urinary schistosomiasis, interstitial cystitis, prostatic enlargement, urethral stricture, kidney stones in bladder or urethra, and carcinoma of the bladder or urethral tumours.
  • Genital causes: Urethral or vaginal trauma, including sexual abuse or a foreign body, Genital herpes simplex, vaginitis, vaginal candidiasis, atrophic vaginitis, bacterial vaginosis, and epididymitis.
  • Other disease: Reiter's syndrome or Behcet's disease.
  • Irritants: Drugs, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, reaction to soaps, vaginal lubricants, spermicides, contraceptive foams and sponges, tampons and toilet paper.
  • Radiation or chemical exposure
Symptoms:Symptoms mainly depend on underlying causes, some symptoms may include:Burning sensation or slowness during urination.
  • Feeling fatigue and malaise.
  • Upper back pain with fever and chills
  • Hematuria.
Diagnosis:Your health care provider will perform a physical examination and ask questions about your symptoms and medication history. Depending on the symptoms doctor may perform tests, which may include:Urine dipstick, microscopy and culture.
  • Investigation for sexually transmitted infection.
  • Ultrasound of urinary tract, pelvis or abdomen if obstruction or masses suspected.
  • Plain "KUB" X-ray if renal tract stones suspected.
  • Urodynamic studies.
  • Urine cytology.
  • Cystoscopy.
  • A voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG).
  • An intravenous pyelogram.
Treatment:Preventing Dysuria depends on the cause of the pain. Protecting the urinary tract from trauma may decrease the risk of pain. Seeking early care for possible infection may decrease the risk of further pain. Physicians will prescribe antibiotics in infection is detected. Women should change feminine products frequently and limit products used in the bath tub. Bubble baths should be avoided in children as they are a frequent cause of burning with urination and urinary infections especially in females.Preventive Measures: Avoiding irritating bubble bath solutions, wearing cotton-lined underwear, and avoiding tight-fitting clothes may reduce the pain that goes along with allergic reactions or genital irritation. Limiting caffeine intake and practicing safer sex may also reduce a person's risk of having painful urination.Home Remedies:Drink buttermilk with 1/2 tsp (teaspoon) fenugreek seeds powder.
  • Drink 1 cup of milk with 5 drops of sandalwood oil, by adding a pinch of carom seeds. Add 1 tsp mint leaves to 1 cup water, take twice.
  • Drink 6 - 8 litres of water at this point.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


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