Congenital elephantiasis

Congenital elephantiasiselephantiasisDescription, Causes and Risk Factors:Congenital enlargement of one or more of the limbs or other parts, due to dilation of the lymphatics.Elephantiasis is a syndrome most often caused by an obstruction of the lymphatic vessels, which results in extreme swelling of the skin and tissues, typically in the lower trunk and body. It primarily affects the legs and genitals, resulting in baggy, thickened and ulcerated skin, along with fever and chills. This condition can be very painful and uncomfortable, and it reduces the sufferer's ability to lead a normal life. A serious complication can be obstructed blood vessels, which limit blood supply and cause the skin to become infected and gangrenous.The chief causes of congenital enlargement are lymphangiectasis, hemangiectasis, and congenital arteriovenous anastomosis, Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis. In all form of elephantiasis there is overgrowth of connective tissue.The exact prevalence of the disease is unknown. There is no gender predilection.Symptoms:Fever. Diagnosis:Taking the results of biochemical, histologic, and imaging investigations into consideration, there was no doubt about the lymphatic nature of the malformation. Congenital malformation of the Lymphatic system constitute a spectrum of disorders that may manifest with a variety of clinical presentations that imply very different therapeutic problems and prognosis.Treatment:Treatment for elephantiasis depends on the type of the disorder the person is afflicted with. Lymphatic filariasis is treated with antiparasitic medication, although recent studies of use of the antibiotic doxycycline show promise. Medicines must be taken early after the primary infection, but they can have toxic side effects. The problem with effective treatment is that it is difficult to diagnose this condition early enough.Medical professionals have found that careful, daily cleaning of the affected areas helps prevent secondary skin infections that may be associated with elephantiasis. Surgical treatments are usually only effective when the swelling affects the scrotum, but not on limbs. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine available at this time.NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

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