Encephalomyelitis: Description:ICD-9-CM: 323.9.Inflammation of the spinal cord and brain.Terminology: Acute disseminated , acute necrotizing hemorrhagic, benign myalgic, eastern equine, associated with carcinoma, epidemic myalgic, equine, experimental allergic, granulomatous herpes B encephalomyelitis, mouse, postvaccinal , Venezuelan equine, viral , western equine , zoster encephalomyelitis.Types:1. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). 2 Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME)Symptoms:Commong symptoms include: Fever, headache, lethargy, seizures, vomiting, nausesa, walking difficulty, weight loos, visual disturbances, paralysis, and disorienation.ADEM is characterized by a brief but intense attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages myelin - the protective covering of nerve fibers. It often follows viral infection, or less often, vaccination for measles, mumps, or rubella.Causes and Risk Factors:The causes of encephalomyelitisare unknown. There are several theories.Some experts think that a viral infection such as glandular fever can trigger the condition. Tiredness is normal after a viral infection, but this does not explain why symptoms persist and get worse.It is more likely that encephalomyelitisis caused by a combination of physical and psychological factors, which also affect how severe the condition is and how long it lasts.The main factors thought to increase the risk of encephalomyelitis are:Inherited genetic susceptibility.
viral infections such as glandular fever, which weaken the immune system.
a recent traumatic event, such as bereavement, divorce or redundancy.
Encephalomyelitisis sometimes misdiagnosed as a severe first attack of multiple sclerosis (MS), since some of the symptoms of the two disorders, particularly those caused by white matter injury, may be similar. However, ADEM usually has symptoms of encephalitis (such as fever or coma), as well as symptoms of myelin damage (visual loss, paralysis), as opposed to MS, which doesn't have encephalitis symptoms.In addition, encephalomyelitisusually consists of a single episode or attack, while MS features many attacks over the course of time.Diagnosis:Doctors will often use imaging techniques, such as MRI to search for old and new lesions on the brain. Old “inactive” brain lesions on MRI suggest that the condition may be MS rather than ADEM, since MS often causes brain lesions before symptoms become obvious. In rare situations, brain biopsy may show findings that allow differentiation between ADEM and severe, acute forms of MS. Children are more likely than adults to have ADEM.Treamtnet Options:Treatments are targeted at suppressing inflammation in the brain using anti-inflammatory drugs. Most individuals respond to intravenous corticosteroids such as methylprednisolone. When corticosteroids fail to work, plasmapheresis or intravenous immunoglobulin therapy has been shown to produce improvement.Note: The following drugs and medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment. This service should be used as a supplement to, and NOT a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
According to a new study by the Smidt Heart Institute in Los Angeles, women’s blood vessels age faster than men’s and that puts them at higher risk of heart disease. Previously, it was believed that women after the age of 50 have a higher risk of developing...
A new study from Qingdao University in China suggests that senior people who have trouble with sleeping at night may have a higher risk of developing cognitive issues or dementia than their peers who fall asleep easily. For the study, a team of researchers examined...
No Results Found
The page you requested could not be found. Try refining your search, or use the navigation above to locate the post.
When it is so hot outside you still can find hundreds of ways to cool yourself and drinking a mocktail is one of them. Here are few wonderful recipes for you to try. Kiwi Sour 1 oz orange juice 3 slices kiwi 0.75 oz demerara green tea syrup 0.75 oz lime juice 1 oz...
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.