- Blood clots (of the splenic, portal, or hepatic veins).
- Arterial-portal venous fistula (abnormal connections between arteries and veins in the liver or spleen).
- Certain drugs (arsenic, azathioprine, methotrexate, and others).
- Certain infections (for instance, schistosomiasis, a parasite).
- Severe heart failure.
- Tumor in pancreas.
- Hodgkin's Lymphoma.
- Chronic vital hepatitis.
- NSAID use.
- Chronic hepatitis.
- Disorders of blood clotting.
- Certain parasitic infections.
- Endoscopy-a small, flexible tube attached to a light and camera is inserted into the mouth down into the esophagus and stomach to view the source of any bleeding and swollen vessel.
- Ultrasound -useful imaging modality to study blood flow in the portal system.
- If your esophageal variciform appear to have a very high risk of bleeding, your doctor may recommend a procedure called band ligation. Using an endoscope, the doctor snares the varices and wraps them with an elastic band, which essentially "strangles" the veins so they can't bleed. Esophageal band ligation carries a small risk of complications, such as scarring of the esophagus.
- Your doctor may also recommend a procedure called transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). The shunt is a small tube that is placed between the portal vein and the hepatic vein, which carries blood from your liver back to your heart. By providing an additional path for blood, the shunt reduces pressure in the portal vein and often stops bleeding from esophageal variciform.
- Liver transplantation. Liver transplant is an option for people with severe liver disease or those who experience recurrent bleeding of esophageal variciform. Although liver transplantation is often successful, the number of people awaiting transplants far outnumbers the available organs.
It is well known that our overall health and wellbeing are totally dependable on what we eat. That is why a healthy diet plays a significant role in keeping the body healthy. Day after day, scientists all over the world make new discoveries proving that certain...
A new study finds that brain volumes of people who regularly eat vegetables, fruit, and fish are on average 2ml greater than brain volumes of those who often drink sugary beverages. A brain volume reduction of 3.6ml equals to one year of aging. For the study, the...
Quiz about this article
0 of 2 questions completed
Please answer on few questions to make our service more useful
You have already completed the quiz before. Hence you can not start it again.
Quiz is loading...
You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz.
You have to finish following quiz, to start this quiz:
0 of 2 questions answered correctly
Time has elapsed
You have reached 0 of 0 points, (0)
Question 1 of 2
Was this article useful for you?Correct
Thanks for your feedback!Incorrect
Thanks for your feedback!
Question 2 of 2
What else information about this disease you want to know ?Correct
Thanks for feedback!Incorrect
Thanks for feedback!
Good weather is the best reason to do outdoor sports, which will help not only lose weight, but also will strengthen health. Bicycle The sun dries out the local paths, so you can safely sit on your favorite bike and confidently twist the pedals, where the eyes look....read more
First aid for injuries consists of simple rules that need to be clearly implemented. If this is a closed injury, you need to immobilize the injured limb, otherwise the person may lose consciousness from a painful shock. If you need to get to the emergency room...read more
Many people spontaneously decide starting to do sport, while others weigh all the pros and cons for a log time. But almost all of them make the same mistakes, listening to the advice of non experts. There are 10 anti-tips for those who want to do plan to do some sport...read more