- Belly pain.
- Herpes. Like Candida, this viral infection can develop in the esophagus when the body's immune system is weak. It is treatable with antiviral drugs.
- Medicines for osteoporosis, such as alendronate (Fosamax), ibandronate (Boniva), or risedronate (Actonel).
- Antibiotics, such as tetracycline or clindamycin.
- Other medicines, such as mycophenolate or quinidine.
- Vitamin and mineral supplements, such as vitamin C, iron, and potassium pills.
- Biopsy: During this test, a small sample of the esophageal tissue is removed and then sent to a laboratory to be examined under a microscope.
- Upper GI series (or barium swallow): During this procedure, x-rays are taken of the esophagus after drinking a barium solution. Barium coats the lining of the esophagus and shows up white on an x-ray. This characteristic enables doctors to view certain abnormalities of the esophagus.
- Stronger acid reducers, such as famotidine (Pepcid), ranitidine (Zantac), or omeprazole (Prilosec OTC).
- Antibiotics, antifungals, or antivirals to treat an infection.
- Pain medications that can be gargled or swallowed.
- Corticosteroid medication to reduce inflammation.
- Intravenous (by vein) nutrition to allow the esophagus to heal and to reduce the likelihood of malnourishment or dehydration.
- Endoscopy to remove any lodged pill fragments.
- Surgery to remove the damaged part of the esophagus.
- Avoid hard foods such as nuts, crackers, and raw vegetables.
- Avoid acidic foods and beverages such as tomatoes, oranges, grapefruits, and their juices. Instead, try imitation fruit drinks with vitamin C.
- Add more soft foods such as applesauce, cooked cereals, mashed potatoes, custards, puddings, and high protein shakes to your diet.
- Take small bites and chew food thoroughly.
- If swallowing becomes increasingly difficult, try tilting your head upward so the food flows to the back of the throat before swallowing.
- Drink liquids through a straw to make swallowing easier.
- Avoid alcohol and tobacco.
- Ranitidine hydrochloride (Zantac).
- Cimetidine (Tagamet).
- Famotidine (Pepcid, Pepcidine).
- Gastrointestinal coating agents.
- Sucralfate (Carafate).
- Proton pump inhibitors.
- Omeprazole (Prilosec).
- Lansoprazole (Prevacid).
- Esomeprazole magnesium (Nexium).
- Rabeprazole (Aciphex).
- Pantoprazole (Protonix).
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