Exogenous obesity

Exogenous obesity: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Exogenous obesityExogenous obesity is a condition in which a person is overweight as a result of an excessive intake of food. If a person habitually consumes more food than he or she is able to use for the daily energy needs of his or her body, the body stores any extra energy as fat, which can lead to obesity. This particular type of obesity is caused by individual actions, not by malfunctions of bodily systems.Understanding exogenous obesity is easier if there is an understanding of how the body processes the energy, or calories, it takes in. A certain number of calories is needed for the body to perform basic involuntary functions, such as breathing and digestion. More calories are needed to perform activities such as routine movement, and even more are needed for the body to perform well in stressful situations, such as intense exercise. If an individual is eating roughly the same number of calories that his or her body burns on a daily basis, he or she will not gain weight. Unfortunately, if an individual is regularly eating more calories than his or her body can use, weight gain is generally inevitable.Psychological factors may also contribute to exogenous obesity. It is all too common for people to eat out of boredom, stress, or loneliness. Eating to fill a void causes ignorance of bodily cues that indicate fullness, and can lead to a drastic increase in calories consumed. Overeating to cope with stress at work together with feeling too busy to exercise can be a lethal combination.Risk factors:Improper diet.
  • Lack of physical activity.
  • Psychological factors.
Left unchecked, exogenous obesity can cause a host of health problems. Excess weight puts stress on bones and joints, can lead to the development of diabetes and heart disease, and increases the risk of certain cancers.Symptoms:The symptoms of exogenous obesity are asa rule mechanical at first, then cardiac, as theincreased load tells upon the heart. Frequentlyin women menstrual disorders appear withamenorrhoea and sterility. With the reduction of their weight the menstrual cycle is reestablished. A study of their heat productionshows that they produce heat in proportionto their surface area as established by meansin his series of twelve cases. This fact is ofgreat assistance in determining the type ofobesity at hand.Diagnosis:Diagnosis may include the following:Measure the BMI every visit on growth chart for child, after 2 years old.
  • Quickly review lifestyle history for high yield items: juice, fast food, milk, exercise, hobbies/activities, etc.
  • If the patient has an elevated BMI, follow every 3-4 months while implementing one lifestyle change at every visit.
  • If the BMI > 95, consider a lipid panel and fasting glucose.
Treatment:The treatment of exogenous obesity should be confined to those of the exogenous type. Children, adolescents, and old people do not stand "reduction cures" well. In all cases care must be taken to estimate any cardiac damage, and to prevent its progress in any treatment undertaken. As usually employed it is based upon the following principles:Diet: Sub-caloric with an attempt to lower the nitrogen exchange, no attempt being made to maintain nitrogen equilibrium.
  • Increase heat production by exercise, hydrotherapy, and massage which will not increase the protein catabolism.
  • The use of thyroid extract, attempting to maintain the basic metabolic rate at plus 10 percent.
NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

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