Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Fever is a symptom of a disease or infection.Alternative Names: Febris, pyrexia.A healthy person's body temperature fluctuates between 97°F (36.1°C) and 100°F (37.8°C), with the average being 98.6°F (37°C). A person is said to be having fever if his/her temperature elevation over 100°F (37.8°C). Fever can indeed be scary, and any fever in an infant younger than 3 months is cause for major concern because of the risk of serious bacterial infections. But in general, in older children who do not look very distressed, fever is positive evidence of an active immune system, revved up and helping an array of immunological processes work more effectively.Types May Be: Absorption fever, acclimating fever, Aden fever, aestivoautumnal fever, African hemorrhagic fever, African tick fever, African tick-bite fever, algid pernicious fever, ardent fever, Argentinean hemorrhagic fever, artificial fever, aseptic fever, Assam fever, Australian Q fever, autumn fever, benign tertian fever, bilious remittent fever, black fever, blackwater fever, blue fever, Bolivian hemorrhagic fever, bouquet fever, boutonneuse fever, brass founder's fever, Brazilian hemorrhagic fever, Brazilian purpuric fever, Brazilian spotted fever, breakbone fever, Bunyamwera fever, Burdwan fever, Bwamba fever, cachectic fever, camp fever, canicola fever, cat-bite fever, catarrhal fever, catheter fever, catscratch fever, Central European tick-borne fever, cerebrospinal fever, Charcot intermittent fever, childbed fever, Colorado tick fever, Congolian red fever, continued fever, cotton-mill fever, Crimean fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dandy fever, date fever, deer-fly fever, dehydration fever, dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, desert fever, digestive fever, diphasic milk fever, double quotidian fever, drug fever, Dumdum fever, Dutton relapsing fever, Ebola hemorrhagic fever, elephantoid fever, enteric fever, entericoid fever, ephemeral fever, epidemic hemorrhagic fever, epimastical fever, eruptive fever, essential fever, exanthematous fever, exsiccation fever, falciparum fever, familial Mediterranean fever, Far East hemorrhagic fever, fatigue fever, fever of unknown origin, field fever, five-day fever, Flinders Island spotted fever, flood fever, food fever, Fort Bragg fever, foundryman's fever, Gambian fever, glandular fever, Haverhill fever, hay fever, hematuric bilious fever, hemoglobinuric fever, hemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, hepatic intermittent fever, herpetic fever, hospital fever, icterohemorrhagic fever, Ilhéus fever, inanition fever, induced fever, intermittent malarial fever, inundation fever, island fever, jail fever, Japanese river fever, Japanese spotted fever, jungle fever, jungle yellow fever, Katayama fever, kedani fever, Kenya fever, Kew Gardens fever, Kinkiang fever, Korean hemorrhagic fever, Lassa fever, Lassa hemorrhagic fever, laurel fever, malarial fever, malignant tertian fever, Malta fever, Manchurian fever, Manchurian hemorrhagic fever, Marseilles fever, marsh fever, Mediterranean erythematous fever, Mediterranean exanthematous fever, Mediterranean fever, Mediterranean spotted fever, meningotyphoid fever, metal fume fever, Mexican spotted fever, miliary fever, milk fever, mill fever, miniature scarlet fever, monoleptic fever, Mossman fever, mud fever, mumu fever, nanukayami fever, nine mile fever, nodal fever, North Queensland tick fever, o'nyong-nyong fever, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Oropouche fever, Oroya fever, Pahvant Valley fever, paludal fever, pappataci fever, paratyphoid fever, parenteric fever, parrot fever, Pel-Ebstein fever, periodic fever, Persian relapsing fever, pharyngoconjunctival fever, Philippine hemorrhagic fever, phlebotomus fever, pinta fever, polka fever, polyleptic fever, polymer fume fever, pretibial fever, protein fever, puerperal fever, Pym fever, pyogenic fever, Q fever, quartan fever, quintan fever, quotidian fever, rabbit fever, rat-bite fever, recrudescent typhus fever, recurrent fever, red fever, relapsing fever, remittent fever, remittent malarial fever, rheumatic fever, rice-field fever, Rift Valley fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Roman fever, Ross River fever, São Paulo fever, sakushu fever, Salinem fever, salt fever, San Joaquin fever, San Joaquin Valley fever, sandfly fever, scarlet fever, Schamberg fever, Sennetsu fever, septic fever, seven-day fever, shin bone fever, ship fever, shoddy fever, simian hemorrhagic fever, Sindbis fever, slime fever, slow fever, smelter's fever, snail fever, solar fever, Songo fever, South African tick-bite fever, spirillum fever, spotted fever, steroid fever, symptomatic fever, syphilitic fever, tertian fever, therapeutic fever, thermic fever, thirst fever, three-day fever, Tobia fever, traumatic fever, trench fever, trypanosome fever, tsutsugamushi fever, typhoid fever, undifferentiated type fevers, undulant fever, undulating fever, urethral fever, urinary fever, urticarial fever, uveoparotid fever, Uzbekistan hemorrhagic fever, valley fever, Venezuelan hemorrhagic fever, viral hemorrhagic fever, vivax fever, Wesselsbron fever, West African fever, West Nile fever, wound fever, Yangtze Valley fever, yellow fever, Zika fever, zinc fume fever.Fevers are primarily caused by viral or bacterial infections, such as pneumonia or influenza.Risk Factors May Include:
  • Allergic reactions.
  • Autoimmune diseases.
  • Trauma, such as breaking a bone.
  • Excessive exposure to the sun.
  • Intense exercise.
  • Hormonal imbalances.
  • Certain drugs.
  • Damage to the hypothalamus.
  • Cancers.
How long a fever lasts and how high it may go depends on its cause, the age of the patient, and his or her overall health. Most fevers caused by infections appear suddenly and then go away as the immune system defeats the infectious agent. An infectious fever may also rise and fall throughout the day, reaching its peak in the late afternoon or early evening. A low-grade fever that lasts for several weeks is associated with autoimmune diseases such as lupus or with some cancers, particularly leukemia and lymphoma.Symptoms:The symptoms of fever mainly depend on what is causing it. Some common symptoms may include:
  • Headache.
  • Chills.
  • Feeling fatigue.
  • Dehydration.
  • Sore throat.
  • Sweating.
  • Muscle aches and pains.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
Diagnosis:A fever is usually diagnosed using a thermometer. A patient's complete medical history and information about what he or she may have ingested, any recent trips taken, or possible exposures to illness help the physician make a diagnosis.Blood tests can help identify an infectious agent by detecting the presence of antibodies against it or providing samples for growth of the organism in a culture. Blood tests can also provide the doctor with white blood cell counts.Ultrasound tests, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tests, or computed tomography (CT) scans may be ordered if the doctor cannot determine the cause of a fever.Treatment:Treatment is usually directed at whatever is causing the fever. Some steps that can help bring down a fever or comfort a person include the following:
  • Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help reduce a fever. Medicines should be taken under doctor supervision.
  • It is important to drink fluids when you have a fever. It is important because fever causes considerable fluid loss through the skin and perspiration. Because it is difficult to measure fluid loss, it is good to drink 1 to 2 quarts of extra fluid each day that you have a fever.
Preventive Measures:
  • Wash your hands before eating.
  • Wash your hands and face after coming from a crowd place, after visiting any patient.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables before eating them.
  • Avoid food products containing toxins.
  • Avoid extra salt consumptions.
  • Understand what your body can tolerate. Some people are sensitive to some elements and chemicals in the diet.
  • Avoid food which your body can not tolerate.
  • Drinking lot of water, green vegetable, and juice helps in cleaning of intestine.
  • Regular dental cleaning will avoid entry of pathogens through mouth.
  • Physical activity is important for balancing the body.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care. 


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