Gumboil: Definition, Description, Causes and Risk FactorsA gumboil is medically known as a parulus. It is a point from which an abscessed tooth drains. It is a dental infection which may occur either due to certain gum diseases, a dead tooth or an infected root canal.Gumboil MedigooThere are two main types of dental gumboils based on the location where they form:
  • Periapical (root-tip) gumboil - located at the apex of an infected tooth. A periapical gumboil is what we usually call tooth abscess. A periapical gumboil is a pocket of infection at the tip of a tooth's root, near the jawbone, as a result of an infection of dental pulp. If this tooth root infection goes untreated (the diseased tissue in the pulp is not removed) pus can begin to build up in the root of the tooth forming an abscess. The infection can spread to the bone surrounding the tip of the root.
  • Periodontal gumboil - located in the periodontal ligament surrounding the tooth. A periodontal gumboil is what is usually called gum abscess. In this case, the infection comes from outside the tooth instead of from within. A periodontal gumboil is usually caused by an infection in the pocket between the teeth and gums. This may happen either when food particles get trapped between the gum and tooth or in cases of periodontal disease, when bacteria build up in deep pockets under the surface of the gums.
  • A third, not so common, type is the pericoronal gumboil, which is related in most cases with the wisdom teeth. It is a kind of dental abscess that occurs when the flap of tissue covering a partially erupted tooth becomes inflamed and infected.
Causes and Risk Factors:The cause of the tooth abscess may be a cavity that has allowed a germ to enter the soft pulp part of the tooth, which is upsetting the nerve.
  • Neglected tooth decay leads to periapical gumboil in which the bacteria reach the end of the root. This problem starts with a toothache, which is followed by the formation of a red and painful boil. Gradually the gumboil ripens and forms pus. It finally gets drained when a head is formed. In some cases the region below the tongue becomes tender and the lymph glands get enlarged.
  • Thirdly, the cause of gumboil may be age related: A weakness in the tooth develops as it ages, such as a microscopic crack, which allows the infection to enter the tooth, or the gum withdrawing from the tooth, allowing a germ to enter more easily. Being aged also can mean a degraded immune system is more common.
As in the case of large boils found on other regions of the body, the gumboils too need immediate medical consultation. An early treatment can prevent complications as well as save the tooth by surgery or a root canal treatment.Symptoms:Symptoms of the gumboils may include:Tooth ache.
  • Swelling of mouth or face
  • Mild to extreme pain.
  • Bad breath
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold.
  • Nausea.
  • Fever.
  • Swelling of glands.
  • Ear ache.
  • Diarrhea.

Gumboil Diagnosis:

A dentist can diagnose the gumboil in the following ways:Examining the tooth thoroughly.
  • Reviewing the symptoms.
  • Examining the x-ray.
If there is a sensitivity to hot and cold foods then an early treatment can prevent a gum boil.Treatment:Various treatment options are available to relieve the gumboil symptoms, which include medical treatment as well as natural home remedies. A few of the treatment options are listed below:A most common cause of gumboils is abscessed teeth caused by bacterial infection. This causes the buildup of pus at the tip and around the infected teeth. The infection also causes the damage of the nerves. Generally gumboils are treated by draining away the pus, followed by disinfection of the affected area. Root canal treatment is the most recommended option in this case. Root canal removes the damaged nerve remains, cleans the teeth and fills the infected teeth with dental cement.
  • If the root canal treatment is not effective and the infection persists, apicectomy is performed. This involves the removal of the tip of the root and the infected tissue and then a filling is applied to seal the root end.
  • Tooth removal is the last resort if the disinfection options do not work and bacterial infection is irreversible.
Other Treatment Options:Rinsing the mouth with diluted hydrogen peroxide is a very effective remedy to relieve the pain associated with gumboils. This helps to reduce the inflammation and tooth infection and should be done several times a day.
  • Rinsing the mouth with saline water helps to reduce the pain.
  • A mixture of common salt and baking soda in equal amounts is useful to get rid of gumboil infection. A cotton ball immersed in this mixture should be placed on the infected tooth and allowed to remain there for several hours. Repeat this process 3 or 4 times a day. This will trigger the drainage of the pus thus leading to the removal of infection.
  • Another natural remedy involves the use of tea tree oil, which is known to have antiseptic properties. A few drops of this oil applied on to the infected area can bring immense relief to the discomfort caused by gumboils.
  • A mixture of grape fruit seed extract in water and colloidal silver, used as a mouth wash can alleviate the pain and get rid of the infection.
  • Dry tea bags or a piece of raw potato kept between the gum and cheek overnight or for long hours can help to drain the pus and reduce the pain and swelling.
  • Chewing a garlic clove daily can help to remove the infection because garlic is known to have anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties. Garlic tablets and garlic powder are also available.
  • Vitamin C capsules are helpful in strengthening the immune system and to aid in natural healing of the infection.
  • A very effective home remedy is to apply a thick paste mixture of 3 tbsp (tablespoon) activated charcoal, tsp (teaspoon) clove oil, 1/3 tsp cayenne pepper powder, tsp olive oil and tsp golden seal (yellow root) powder or tincture, on to the affected area. This paste will burst open the gumboil. When the boil bursts open, it is recommended to wash the mouth with water and then with a 1.5% solution of hydrogen peroxide.
  • Self treatment of gum boils can sometimes lead to severe infections in the mouth as well as other parts of the body. So before deciding to go for any type of treatment, the most important thing to do is to consult a dentist. The dentist can help to find out the root cause of the infection through examination or by taking an x-ray of the teeth. After a proper diagnosis is made, the required treatment option can be availed.
NOTE: The above information is for processing purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


  1. D. A. Ambler

    This information is excellent especially so if you are suffering from the agony of an infected gum! Good to know that what l already tried, i.e. tea tree oil massaged into gum,plus baking powder to rinse mouth out, is advised. I am a bit better but still in pain as gum is tender & swollen. Will continue with this treatment until l can see a dentist…not easy!

    • editor-m

      Thank you for such a comment. We wish you to recover soon.

  2. Dries

    Thank you for this, I new about the salt, but the bicarbs and the the garlic chewing did the trick, and I can now enjoy the holidays. There is an important side effect though: The garlic chewing got rid of a unwanted girlfriend as well.
    Thank you so much.


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cart Preview

Leisurely Physical Activity Weekly May Cut the Death Risk

Leisurely Physical Activity Weekly May Cut the Death Risk

According to a new international study, leisurely physical activity, which includes dancing, gardening, or walking, on a weekly basis may cut the risk of death from multiple causes in adults aged 40 and over. The team included researchers from the Shandong University...

[WpProQuiz 1]

Featured Products

Kangoo Jumps Training: 5 Beginner Exercises

In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...

read more
All original content on these pages is fingerprinted and certified by Digiprove