- Bladder cancer.
- Pelvic radiation therapy.
- Radiation therapy given with chemotherapy.
- AID (acquired immunodeficiency disease).
- Other chemicals (for example, dyes, insecticides, and recreational drugs).
- Viruses (for example, papovavirus and adenovirus).
- Persistent urinary tract infections (UTIs).
- Thrombocytopenia (low platelet count).
- Bone marrow transplant (BMT).
- Other chemotherapeutic agents, while not usually associated with bladder toxicity, might also put a patient at risk.
- Abdominal discomfort.
- Pain or burning when passing your urine.
- Feeling like you are unable to empty your bladder.
- Loss of bladder control (incontinence).
- Frequent or urgent need to empty your bladder.
- Getting up several times a night to pass your urine.
- CT scanning without contrast (stone protocol, prone scanning).
- Intravenous pyelography.
- Magnetic resonance (MR) urography.
- CT urography.
- Platelet transfusions to help control bleeding.
- Blood transfusions if the bleeding has caused anemia.
- Antibiotic or antiviral therapy if the cause of the cystitis is infectious in nature.
- Irrigation of the bladder with a saline solution to prevent clots, or medications to control bleeding.
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