- Stage II — Usually a tumor that can mostly be removed by surgery; very small amounts of the cancer are left in the liver.
- Stage III — Usually a tumor that cannot be completely removed, or else; cancer cells are also have been found in the lymph nodes.
- Stage IV — Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
- Recurrent — The disease has returned after it has been treated; i.e., It may come back in the liver or in another part of the body.
- Loss of appetite, nausea, abnormal weight loss, diarrhea.
- Changes in the skin color: jaundice evidenced by yellow tone to the skin and whites of the eyes.
- General itching.
- Fever, irritability.
- Abdominal pain.
- Additional blood tests — Blood chemistries, evaluation of liver and kidney functions, and genetic study.
- Biopsy — A sample of tissue removed from the tumor and examined under a microscope; your surgeon may also look at the liver using an instrument called a peritoneoscope, a small tube with a light on the end.
- Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) test — Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels in the blood can be used to diagnose and follow your child's response to treatment.
- Serum tumor marker tests: Hepatoblastoma often produces a protein which can be detected in the blood. Levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) can be used as a way to determine whether the tumor is responding to treatment (AFP levels decrease), whether there is no evidence of disease, or if there is an indication of relapse (increased levels of AFP).
- Computerized tomography scan (also called a CT or CAT scan) — A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general x-rays.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) — A diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.
- Ultrasound (also called sonography) — Ultrasounds are used to view internal organs as they function, and to assess blood flow through various vessels.
- Liver scans — Pictures or x-rays taken after a dye has been injected that is absorbed by liver tissue. These are used to detect tumors and liver abnormalities.
A new study from the University of Florida suggests that diabetes drug Metformin may reduce the risk of developing age-related degeneration (AMD). For the study, a team of researchers analyzed medical records from 1947 patients from the University of Florida health...
Recent research suggests that eating whole-grain rye or wheat influences serotonin levels in plasma and microbiota with certain effects for health such as decreasing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The study was performed by the University of Eastern Finland...
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...read more
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...read more
It is time for us to find the solution how to deal with extra weight which is coming with Christmas and New Year’s celebrations because 2018 is almost over and 2019 is getting closer. The main aim is obviously staying in shape and today will find an effective way to...read more