- In systemic hematological diseases, the liver is usually involved in extramedullary hematopoiesis. This can result in hepatomegaly. Diffuse hepatomegaly is also expected to occur as a result of malignant cell growth.
- Endothelia and Kupffer cells can be stimulated to considerable proliferation, so that in clinical terms hepatomegaly occasionally results.
- Proliferation of smooth endoplasmic reticulum due to the prolonged induction of the biotransformatory system localized at this site as a result of toxins, chemicals can bring about clinically and sonographically detectable hepatomegaly.
- Hepatocellular storage of abnormal quantities of cholesterol, fat, glycogen, proteins, mucopolysaccharides, copper, iron, etc occasionally leads to pronounced hepatomegaly. Hydropic swelling of the hepatocytes is also included in this category.
- A disorder of the bile flow, particularly in infants leads to extensive hepatomegaly.
- An increase in the extracellular matrix due to collagens, elastin, proteoglycans, glycoprotein, etc also produces various degrees of hepatomegaly.
- Hepatitis caused by a virus — including hepatitis A, B and C — or caused by infectious mononucleosis.
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
- Alcoholic fatty liver disease.
- A disorder that causes abnormal protein to accumulate in your liver (amyloidosis).
- A disorder that causes copper to accumulate in your liver (Wilson's disease).
- A disorder that causes iron to accumulate in your liver (hemochromatosis).
- A disorder that causes fatty substances to accumulate in your liver (Gaucher disease)
- Fluid-filled pockets in the liver (liver cysts).
- Non-cancerous liver tumors, including hemangioma and adenoma.
- Obstruction of the gallbladder or bile ducts.
- Toxic hepatitis.
- Liver cancer.
- Blockage of the veins that drain the liver (Budd-Chiari syndrome).
- Heart failure.
- Pericarditis (inflammation of the tissue surrounding the heart).
- Take vitamin supplements only as directed, and always discuss them with your doctor.
- Upper abdominal pain, usually right upper abdominal pain.
- Right side flank pain.
- Shaking and chills.
- Yellow skin.
- Yellow eyes.
- Brown urine.
- Clay colored stool.
- Abdominal ultrasound (may be done to confirm the condition if the doctor thinks your liver feels enlarged during a physical exam).
- CT scan of the abdomen.
- Liver function tests (LFTs), including blood clotting tests.
- MRI scan of the abdomen.
Researchers from the University of Louisville in Kentucky suggest that natural polyphenols found in pomegranate can fight symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Polyphenols are also present in berries such as strawberries, blackberries, and raspberries. The...
A recent study, published in the journal Nature Medicine, shows that microbiota, aka gut bacteria, play a crucial role in protecting humans against food allergies. During the study, two groups of mice without their own bacteria received gut bacteria from either...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...read more
It is time for us to find the solution how to deal with extra weight which is coming with Christmas and New Year’s celebrations because 2018 is almost over and 2019 is getting closer. The main aim is obviously staying in shape and today will find an effective way to...read more
We know that moderate exercise strengthens our health and makes us more beautiful. But few know about the importance of doing sports as psychotherapy. And, nevertheless, physical loads can save from depressions, reduce anxiety, relieve from professional burnout,...read more