Herpangina

Herpangina: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:HerpanginaHerpangina is a viral infection of the mouth and throat. It may be mistaken for canker sores, strep throat, or herpes. Herpangina affects any age group but is seen primarily in infants and young children below the age 5. In temperate climates, infections occur in late summer or early fall.Herpangina is typically caused by the coxsackievirus (a group of picornaviruses, included in the genus Enterovirus, of icosahedral shape, stable at acid pH, and about 28 nm in diameter, causing myositis, paralysis, and death in young mice, and responsible for a variety of diseases in man, although inapparent infections are common. They are divided antigenically into two groups, A and B, each of which includes a number of serological types, e.g., Enterovirus coxsackie A1 to 24 and Enterovirus coxsackie B1 to 6. Type A viruses cause human Herpangina and hand-foot-and-mouth disease; type B viruses cause epidemic pleurodynia; both type viruses may cause aseptic meningitis, myocarditis and pericarditis, and acute onset juvenile diabetes), an enterovirus.Other causes may include:Coxsackievirus A16, enterovirus 71, and coxsackievirus B have been implicated most often.
  • Less-common causes include echovirus, parechovirus 1, adenovirus, and herpes simplex virus (HSV).
  • Enterovirus 71 has emerged as an important public problem, causing severe clinical illness and, potentially, death in young children. Enteroviruses that cause herpangina belong to the Picornaviridae family.
The incubation period can be 1 to 10 days but is usually 4 days.The disease is spread through direct contact with nose and throat discharges and feces of an infected person. The disease may also be spread though the respiratory tract if secretions are spread into the air and land on surfaces.Symptoms:Symptoms may include:Fever.
  • Sudden sore throat, with redness, inflammation andpainful swallowing.
  • General ill feeling.
  • Vomiting and abdominal pain (sometimes).
  • Tiny blisters (vesicles) in the affected areas. The blisters become small ulcers.
Diagnosis:Diagnosis is usually determined by the characteristicoral lesions. Other routine laboratory blood tests may berecommended.Usually no treatment is necessary other than simplepainkillers.Careful handwashing and sanitary disposal of excretions is important.Try to reduce high fever (with tepid sponge baths)that might cause dehydration.Treatment:Treatment is generally supportive and includes the following:Hydration.
  • Antipyretics (eg, acetaminophen, ibuprofen).
  • Topical analgesics (eg, topical lidocaine).
  • Special mouthwash with analgesic medication may be prescribed by a physician for those with pain. Children should be encouraged to drink fluids to avoid dehydration.
NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cart Preview

Study Confirms that Microplastics Accumulate in Human Faeces

Study Confirms that Microplastics Accumulate in Human Faeces

A new study from Austria finds evidence that microplastics, such as extremely small pieces of plastic beads, fibers, or fragments, accumulate in human feces. A team of scientist from the Environment Agency Austria and the Medical University of Vienna has analyzed the...

The 7 Signs Your Body Doesn’t Get Enough Protein

The 7 Signs Your Body Doesn’t Get Enough Protein

Nowadays, everyone knows what protein is but only a few of us know for sure how much of it we need to consume. According to government guidelines, average protein consumption should be 0.8g per kilogram of body weight. The next seven signs show you’re not getting...

[WpProQuiz 1]

Featured Products

The 5 Best Accessories for Sports Fans

It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...

read more

Exercise May Serve as an Antidepressant

A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....

read more

Fitness: Warm Ups Can Chill Out the Perfomance

The warm ups are supposed to increase body temperature and blood flow so the muscles and surrounding joints become more responsive and prepared for physical activity. Although there’s a neurological element to warm-ups, most research focuses on the physiological...

read more