HIV is a global spread infection. According to the WHO, approximately 36,7 million people were infected at the end of 2016. Approximately half (16.7 million) of them were men and half (17.8 million) – women. 34.5 million were adults and 2.1 million – children younger than 15. About 30% of infected individuals are not aware of their condition.
More than 19.5 million people/53% of all living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (December 2016).
According to the 2015 Global burden of Disease Study, from 2005 to 2015 the global incidence rate of HIV was about 2.6 million per year. In 2016 approximately 1.8 million of people were newly infected, among them 160000 were children.
In 2016 1.0 million people died due to AIDS, 120.000 were children.
As at 2012, in the USA and 6 dependent areas (according to CDC) diagnoses of HIV by transmission were:
64% – due to male-to-male sexual contact;
17% – heterosexual contact (females);
9% – heterosexual contact (males);
4% – injection drug use (males);
3% – injection drug use (females);
3% – male-to-male sexual contact + injection drug use;
1% – other (including hemophilia, blood transfusions, perinatal exposure etc.)
The highest prevalence of HIV is detected in Africa (especially Sub-Saharan region), where about 70% cases of HIV (25.6 million of people) were observed. 66% of all HIV-related deaths happen in this region. In 60% of cases the infected individuals are female. More than 5% of the adult population are affected.
In Swaziland and Botswana HIV prevalence rates are about 30%. In the east of Africa, prevalence levels reach 10% in some countries. In Nigeria and Cote D’Ivoire prevalence is 5 to 7% of the population.
Middle East and North Africa
HIV is less spread in the Middle East and North Africa MENA region). There the prevalence rate is approximately 0.2% (with a range from 0.1 to 0.7% from country to country). 230.000 people are living with HIV. Only 24% of adults and 27% of children are receiving the treatment. 58% of the affected are aware of the disease.
In South and South-East Asia HIV prevalence rate is less than 0.35% (approximately 4.2-4.7 million of people are affected). In East Asia – 0.1%.
Europe, Central Asia and North America
Among European countries the most affected are Estonia (prevalence rate 1.2% of adults), Ukraine (0.9%), Russia (0.8-1.0%) and Latvia (0.7%).
In Western Europe and North America (Canada and the USA) prevalence comprises approximately 0.3% of adults with 2.1 million affected people. 78% of people living with AIDS in this region receive antiretroviral treatment. 85% of people with AIDS know that they are HIV positive.
In the UK HIV prevalence is about 0.16% (101.200 people), 96% of adults receive the treatment.
In the USA HIV prevalence rate ranges from 0.4 to 0.9% in different states (in total about 1.2 million people are infected).
The Carribean and Latin America
The prevalence of HIV in the Carribean is on the second place after Africa reaching about 2.7%.
In the region the average prevalence rate was estimated as 0.5% (2.1 million). 56% of adults and 53% of children receive the appropriate treatment.
In Brazil adult HIV prevalence is 0.6% (830.000 people). 60% of adults and 37% of children are on antiretroviral treatment.
The Pacific region and Asia
In this part of the world HIV prevalence is about 0.2% with 5.1 million people living with HIV. 47% of adults and 40% of children are on antiretroviral treatment.
In China adult HIV prevalence is less than 0.1% (501.000 people), in India – 0.3% (2.1 million).
HIV prevalence in Australia is 0.13% of adults (about 26.000) 90% of them are aware of their HIV positive status, 84% are recieving antiretroviral therapy.