Horner syndrome (Bernard-Horner Syndrome): Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Alternative Name: Horner syndrome, ptosis sympathetica, Bernard's syndrome, cervical sympathetic syndrome, oculosympathetic palsy, oculosympathetic paresis, oculosympathetic syndrome, Raeder's syndrome.ICD-9: 337.9.Horner's syndrome is a clinical syndrome caused by damage to the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). The sympathetic nervous system is part of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), which also includes the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS).Horner syndrome is a relatively rare disorder characterized by a constricted pupil, drooping of the upper eyelid, absence of sweating of the face, and sinking of the eyeball into the bony cavity that protects the eye. These are the four classic signs of the disorder.It is caused by the interruption of the oculosympathetic nerve pathway. This interruption originates somewhere between the hypothalamus and the eye. Horner's syndrome can affect people of all age groups, races, and genders.Most often, Horner syndrome is acquired as a result of some kind of interference with the sympathetic nerves serving the eyes. The underlying causes can vary enormously, from a snake or insect bite to a neck trauma made by a blunt instrument.Causes of the condition are numerous. Injuries to the neck can cause damage to the sympathetic nervous system, as well as certain illnesses. Sometimes medications can cause the condition. At other times, Horner's syndrome may actually be a genetic condition, present at birth.Other causes include cysts in the cervix, anesthesia to the cervical area, multiple sclerosis, and neurofibromatosis. Neurofibromatosis is a genetic condition in which small lesions or tumors appear on various points of the spine. When they affect the cervical spine, they can result in Horner's syndrome.Symptoms:The major symptom of Horner's syndrome is ptosis (drooping eyelids).
Diagnosis:The disorder is suspected based on symptoms. If you have Horner syndrome, your pupil will dilate slower than normal. Your doctor can evaluate this by placing drops of medication in your eye that force your pupil to dilate. The way the pupil responds to the eye drops will help confirm or deny a diagnosis of Horner syndrome. To confirm the diagnosis, doctors may apply eye drops that contain small amounts of cocaine to the affected eye. If the pupil does not dilate after 30 minutes, Horner's syndrome is diagnosed.Imaging: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) of the brain, spinal cord, chest, or neck is often needed to look for tumors and other serious disorders.Other Tests Include: Blood tests, carotid ultrasound, chest x-ray, and eye drop test.Treatment Options:The treatment of Horner's syndrome depends on the cause of the ailment. In case the disease is caused by a malignant tumor, radiation and chemotherapy are prescribed so as to relieve Horner's syndrome. If the disease is due to a tumor, surgical removal of the tumor is the only feasible way to relieve the symptoms.There are a variety of drugs like Acetophenazine, Levodopa, Chloroprocaine, and Lidocaine, which are instrumental in alleviating the symptoms of Horner's syndrome. However, if the root cause of the ailment is congenital, the disease is incurable.Disclaimer: The following tests, drugs and medications, surgical procedures are in some way related to, or used in the treatment. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
A new study, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, finds that after eating foods with a high content of saturated fats, within the next few hours, a person’s ability to concentrate can be lowered. For the study, the researchers recruited 51...
A large international study finds that a high intake of whole-fat dairy products is associated with a lower risk of hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes. For the study, a team of researchers analyzed data taken from 147,812 people who live in Asia, North...
No Results Found
The page you requested could not be found. Try refining your search, or use the navigation above to locate the post.
When it is so hot outside you still can find hundreds of ways to cool yourself and drinking a mocktail is one of them. Here are few wonderful recipes for you to try. Kiwi Sour 1 oz orange juice 3 slices kiwi 0.75 oz demerara green tea syrup 0.75 oz lime juice 1 oz...
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.