- Other anemias: Feto-maternal hemorrhage, twin-twin transfusion (donor).
- Chromosomal abnormalities: Trisomy 21, 18, Turner syndrome.
- Infections: Viral (Parvovirus B19, Herpes, CMV), toxoplasmosis, syphilis, Chagas disease.
- Genetic metabolic disease: Gaucher disease, mucopolysaccharidosis, Nieman-Pick disease, neonatal hemochromatosis.
- Cardiac: Fetal arrhythmias, premature closure of foramen ovale, hypoplastic left heart, hypoplastic right heart, Ebstein's anomaly of tricuspid valve, cardiomyopathy, cardiac tumors, premature closure of ductus arteriosus, other structural anomalies.
- Vascular malformations: Chorioangioma (placenta, umbilical vessels), liver hemangioma, cerebral A-V malformation, sacrococcygeal teratoma, Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome.
- Vascular accidents: Intracranial hemorrhage, thrombosis of renal veins, IVC, twin-twin transfusion (recipient).
- Lymphatic malformations: Pulmonary lymphangiectasia, cystic hygroma, multiple pterygium Syndrome, Noonan syndrome.
- Chest masses: Cystic adenomatoid malformation, diaphragmatic hernia, pulmonary sequestration, intrathoracic mass.
- Skeletal conditions: Asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy, osteogenesis imperfecta, chondrodysplasia.
- Fetal Hypomobility: Arthrogryposis, Neu-Laxova syndrome, Pena-Shokier syndrome. myotonic dystrophy.
- CNS anomalies: Absent corpus callosum, encephalocele, holoprosencephaly.
- Other: Bowel obstruction with perforation (meconium peritonitis, volvulus), infant of diabetic mother, Prune belly syndrome, congenital Nephrosis, maternal indomethacin therapy.
- More severe forms may cause: Breathing problems, bruising or purplish bruise-like spots on the skin, heart failure, severe anemia, severe jaundice, total body swelling.
- Early cesarean delivery if condition gets worse.
- Intrauterine fetal blood transfusion.
- Treatment of asphyxia, which is common in these infants.
- Diagnosis of cause of hydrops, both for management of the patient and counseling of the parents regarding risk of recurrence in future pregnancies. This may require extensive diagnostic interventions, including careful post-mortem examination, skin sample for karyotyping and full body radiographs in those who do not survive.
- Treatment of underlying cause.
A new study, published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, finds that a hot bath may help reduce inflammation and improve metabolism. As a part of an experiment, each study participant took a hot bath with water temperature 102°F (39°C) for one hour. The researchers...
New research, executed by scientists from Iowa State University, finds that lifting weights for less than an hour once a week may lower the risk of heart attack or stroke by 40–70%. The researchers also add that performing weight exercises for more than an hour...
Factors such as age, gender, physical activity, genetics, medical history, body type, and others directly affect not only the desire to lose weight, but also to follow the right diet. Everything is relative, everything is individual. Nevertheless, there are universal...read more
It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...read more
A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....read more