Hypertriglyceridemia

Hypertriglyceridemia: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Elevated triglyceride concentration in the blood.HypertriglyceridemiaTriglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood. Your body uses them for energy. You need some triglycerides for good health. Your body gets its triglycerides mostly from food. If you eat high fat content food, a part of the fats it is sent to the liver where it is broken down and then released into the bloodstream to be transported to different tissues so that the body can use it as fuel for activities.Triglycerides values:Normal is less than 150.
  • Borderline-high is 150 to 199.
  • High is 200 to 499.
  • Very high is 500 or higher.
Causes and Risk Factors:Hypertriglyceridemia is usually caused by other conditions, such as:Obesity.
  • An underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism).
  • Poorly controlled diabetes.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Regularly eating more calories than you burn.
  • Drinking a lot of alcohol.
  • In a few cases, high triglycerides also can run in families.
Certain medicines may also cause hypertriglyceridemia, they may include:Steroids.
  • Beta-blockers.
  • Diuretics.
  • Estrogen.
  • Birth control pills.
Symptoms:High triglycerides are a part of metabolic syndrome, a group of medical problems that increase your risk of heart attack, stroke, and diabetes.If triglycerides are very high for an extended period of time, conditions like pancreatitis, liver and spleen enlargement and fatty deposits in the skin may result. At this point, a heart attack or stroke may be imminent.Diagnosis:The only way to know if triglyceride levels are too high is through a blood test.A blood sample is obtained by inserting a needle into a vein in the arm. Sometimes a drop of blood is collected by puncturing the skin on a fingertip. This fingerstick sample is typically used when a lipid profile (total cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C and TG) is being measured on a portable testing device, for example, at a health fair.Treatment:Treatment of hypertriglyceridemia is by restriction of carbohydrates and fat in the diet, as well as with niacin, fibrates, and statins (three classes of drugs). Increased fish oil intake may substantially lower an individual's triglycerides.Preventive Measure May Include:You can make diet and lifestyle changes to help lower your levels.
  • Stay at a healthy weight.
  • Limit fats and sugars in your diet.
  • Be more active.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Limit alcohol.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

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