Hypovolemia

Hypovolemia: Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Alternative Name: Hyphemia.A decreased amount of blood in the body, more specifically decreased blood plasma.HypovolemiaHypovolemia occurs when the body has lost too much blood or body fluid to support normal circulation and body functions. Though it has many causes, less obvious causes of hypovolemia are internal bleeding and dehydration. Traumatic accidents, chronic illnesses, ruptured ectopic pregnancies, and surgery can all cause internal bleeding. Low fluid intake, extensive vomiting, and severe diarrhea are common causes of dehydration.Losing about 1/5 or more of the normal amount of blood in your body causes hypovolemic shock.Types may include:Mild .Moderate .Severe .The main treatment for hypovolemia is to replace blood or fluid that has been lost. If not corrected early, it will lead to hypovolemic shock, a serious condition that may result in organ failure and death.Symptoms:Mild:Diaphoresis.
  • Anxiety.
  • Increased capillary refill time and cold extremities.
Moderate:Diaphoresis.
  • Anxiety.
  • Increased capillary refill time and cold extremities.
  • Increased heart rate and respiration rate.
  • Decreased urine output.
Severe:Diaphoresis.
  • Anxiety.
  • Increased capillary refill time and cold extremities.
  • Increased heart rate and respiration rate.
  • Decreased urine output.
  • Hemodynamic instability.
  • Hypotension.
  • Altered mental status including coma.
Diagnosis:Low blood volume can only be detected by devices that can measure the volumes or pressures within blood vessels or heart chambers, such as central venous pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressures, or end-diastolic volume measurements.Treatment:Hypovolemia treatment and prevention tips:Keep the person warm and comfortable.
  • Use of intravenous fluids (IVs) may help compensate for lost fluid volume.
  • Oral fluids including moderate sugars and rich in electrolytes are needed to replenish the organism of lost sodium ions.
  • Intravenous (IV) line will be put into the persons arm to allow blood.
  • Blood transfusion is definitive treatment for hypovolemia caused by trauma.
NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cart Preview

A Hot Bath Can Reduce Inflammation and Improve Glucose Metabolism

A Hot Bath Can Reduce Inflammation and Improve Glucose Metabolism

A new study, published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, finds that a hot bath may help reduce inflammation and improve metabolism. As a part of an experiment, each study participant took a hot bath with water temperature 102°F (39°C) for one hour. The researchers...

[WpProQuiz 1]

Featured Products

The 5 Best Accessories for Sports Fans

It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...

read more

Exercise May Serve as an Antidepressant

A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....

read more

MediGoo is attending the largest health/medical industry event in Düsseford, Germany. We welcome you to visit our stand at hall 15 booth E55. Welcome, hope to see you there 15E55.