Lewy body dementia
- Gradual loss of mental abilities, including orientation and memory, reasoning and intelligence.
- Difficulty problem solving.
- Sleep disturbance.
- Repeated falls.
- Transient loss of consciousness.
- Neuroleptic sensitivity.
- Systematised delusions.
- Hallucinations in other modalities.
- Alzheimer's disease.
- Parkinson's disease.
- Progressive supranuclear palsy.
- Multisystem atrophy or multiple system atrophy.
- Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
- Late-onset delusional disorder.
- Depressive psychosis.
- Recurrent visual hallucinations.
- Fluctuating cognition.
- Spontaneous motor features of parkinsonism.
- Medications called cholinesterase inhibitors are considered the standard treatment for cognitive symptoms in LBD. The effect of these drugs varies from person to person.
- Movement symptoms may be treated with a Parkinson's medication. Potential medication side-effects vary from person to person.
- For hallucinations, your physician may recommend a cautious trial of antipsychotic medication. Potential medication side-effects vary from person to person. Hallucinations must be treated very conservatively, using the lowest doses possible under careful observation for side effects.
- Physical Therapy: options include cardiovascular, strengthening, and flexibility exercises, as well as gait training. Aerobic or water exercise may be helpful.
- Speech therapy: Speech therapy may also improve muscular strength and swallowing difficulties.
- Occupational Therapy: May help maintain skills and promote function and independence. In addition to these forms of therapy and treatment, music and aroma therapy can also reduce anxiety and improve mood.
- Individual and family psychotherapy can be useful for learning strategies to manage emotional and behavioral symptoms and to help make plans that address individual and family concerns about the future.
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