Lichen simplex chronicus
Lichen simplex chronicus
Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
Alternative Name: Neurodermatitis.
LSC is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by paroxysms of pruritus and the development of lichenoid changes of the skin. The disease occurs from repeated scratching or rubbing, either as a habit or in response to stress. There is no underlying dermatological disorder.
This condition tends to occur on the nape of the neck, the wrists, the elbows, the ankles, and the anogenital region. It may also spread to the limbs, the areas around the eyes and the sacrococcygeal region. It is more common in adults and is unrelated to season.
The cause of lichen simplex chronicus is unknown. This disorder may occur with:
Nervousness, anxiety, depression, and other psychological disorders.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis).
The disease is more common in children, who chronically scratch insect bites and other areas. It can also be common in mentally retarded children who have chronic repetitive movements.
Scaling of the skin.
Skin lesion, patch, or plaque.
The diagnosis is primarily based on the appearance of the skin and a history of chronic itching and scratching. A skin lesion biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
The itching and inflammation may be treated with a lotion or steroid cream applied to the affected area of the skin. Peeling ointments, such as those containing salicylic acid, may be used on thickened lesions. Soaps or lotions containing coal tar may be recommended.
Other Treatment Options Include:
Corticosteroid injections into the affected area to reduce itching and inflammation.
Occlusive dressing, which seals a wound completely, to prevent the person from scratching.
Sedatives and tranquilizers to reduce stress.
Antidepressants, if there is an emotional component to the condition.
Counseling, stress management, or behavior modification.
Antihistamines to relieve the itching.
Side effects of treatment depend on the medication used. They may include drowsiness, dry mouth, and allergic reactions.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
According to a new study, presented at Nutrition 2019, the American Society for Nutrition annual meeting in Baltimore, US, low consumption of fruits and vegetables may become the cause for 1 in 7 deaths and 1 in 12 deaths, correspondingly, from heart disease. A team...
A new study from China suggests that estrogen and vitamin D may help postmenopausal women to prevent metabolic syndrome. Within the frame of the study, the researchers included 616 postmenopausal women aged 49–86 years. None of them was taking estrogen or vitamin D...
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...read more
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...read more
It is time for us to find the solution how to deal with extra weight which is coming with Christmas and New Year’s celebrations because 2018 is almost over and 2019 is getting closer. The main aim is obviously staying in shape and today will find an effective way to...read more