Lichen simplex chronicus
Lichen simplex chronicus
Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
Alternative Name: Neurodermatitis.
LSC is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by paroxysms of pruritus and the development of lichenoid changes of the skin. The disease occurs from repeated scratching or rubbing, either as a habit or in response to stress. There is no underlying dermatological disorder.
This condition tends to occur on the nape of the neck, the wrists, the elbows, the ankles, and the anogenital region. It may also spread to the limbs, the areas around the eyes and the sacrococcygeal region. It is more common in adults and is unrelated to season.
The cause of lichen simplex chronicus is unknown. This disorder may occur with:
Nervousness, anxiety, depression, and other psychological disorders.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis).
The disease is more common in children, who chronically scratch insect bites and other areas. It can also be common in mentally retarded children who have chronic repetitive movements.
Scaling of the skin.
Skin lesion, patch, or plaque.
The diagnosis is primarily based on the appearance of the skin and a history of chronic itching and scratching. A skin lesion biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
The itching and inflammation may be treated with a lotion or steroid cream applied to the affected area of the skin. Peeling ointments, such as those containing salicylic acid, may be used on thickened lesions. Soaps or lotions containing coal tar may be recommended.
Other Treatment Options Include:
Corticosteroid injections into the affected area to reduce itching and inflammation.
Occlusive dressing, which seals a wound completely, to prevent the person from scratching.
Sedatives and tranquilizers to reduce stress.
Antidepressants, if there is an emotional component to the condition.
Counseling, stress management, or behavior modification.
Antihistamines to relieve the itching.
Side effects of treatment depend on the medication used. They may include drowsiness, dry mouth, and allergic reactions.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
A new study, conducted by the scientists from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, finds that light and moderate physical activity, for example walking and swimming, may help reduce the stroke severity. The study included approximately data from 1,000 individuals...
According to the latest study, published in the European Journal of Public Health, regular use of probiotics may cut the necessity for antibiotics and help decrease the rise of antibiotic resistance. Having performed the analysis of the data, collected from recent...
It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...read more
A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....read more
The warm ups are supposed to increase body temperature and blood flow so the muscles and surrounding joints become more responsive and prepared for physical activity. Although there’s a neurological element to warm-ups, most research focuses on the physiological...read more