Lichen simplex chronicus
Lichen simplex chronicus
Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
Alternative Name: Neurodermatitis.
LSC is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by paroxysms of pruritus and the development of lichenoid changes of the skin. The disease occurs from repeated scratching or rubbing, either as a habit or in response to stress. There is no underlying dermatological disorder.
This condition tends to occur on the nape of the neck, the wrists, the elbows, the ankles, and the anogenital region. It may also spread to the limbs, the areas around the eyes and the sacrococcygeal region. It is more common in adults and is unrelated to season.
The cause of lichen simplex chronicus is unknown. This disorder may occur with:
Nervousness, anxiety, depression, and other psychological disorders.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis).
The disease is more common in children, who chronically scratch insect bites and other areas. It can also be common in mentally retarded children who have chronic repetitive movements.
Scaling of the skin.
Skin lesion, patch, or plaque.
The diagnosis is primarily based on the appearance of the skin and a history of chronic itching and scratching. A skin lesion biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.
The itching and inflammation may be treated with a lotion or steroid cream applied to the affected area of the skin. Peeling ointments, such as those containing salicylic acid, may be used on thickened lesions. Soaps or lotions containing coal tar may be recommended.
Other Treatment Options Include:
Corticosteroid injections into the affected area to reduce itching and inflammation.
Occlusive dressing, which seals a wound completely, to prevent the person from scratching.
Sedatives and tranquilizers to reduce stress.
Antidepressants, if there is an emotional component to the condition.
Counseling, stress management, or behavior modification.
Antihistamines to relieve the itching.
Side effects of treatment depend on the medication used. They may include drowsiness, dry mouth, and allergic reactions.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
A new study, published in the medical journal JAMA, finds that the more teenagers involved in social media, the higher their risk is to develop the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These symptoms may include inattention, hyperactivity,...
Scientists from the Check Republic discovered the evidence that ticks may prefer attacking people with a certain blood type. Tick, the blood-sucking parasites, can carry various bacteria, including bugs that cause the Lyme disease. In the course of study, the...
We all know that doing sports is very important, both for health and for a beautiful body. But at the moment when we decide to finally take the path, we are faced with the question: what kind of sport is right for me? So, let's start with the fact that a lot of people...read more
Pranayama is not just a complex of breathing exercises. It is a complex process, during which a person receives vital energy - prana from the air. Literally pranayama is translated as "stopping breathing". Hence the main goal of the whole breathing gymnastics is to be...read more
Experts often advise people as suitable trainings to climb stairs, rather than use the elevator. And here are 6 reasons why we should do this regularly. Classes on the treadmill or with the ellipsoid simulator in daily mode seem too boring. They can be replaced by a...read more