Lichen simplex chronicus


Lichen simplex chronicus

Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Alternative Name: Neurodermatitis.

Abbreviation: LSC.

LSC is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by paroxysms of pruritus and the development of lichenoid changes of the skin. The disease occurs from repeated scratching or rubbing, either as a habit or in response to stress. There is no underlying dermatological disorder.

This condition tends to occur on the nape of the neck, the wrists, the elbows, the ankles, and the anogenital region. It may also spread to the limbs, the areas around the eyes and the sacrococcygeal region. It is more common in adults and is unrelated to season.

The cause of lichen simplex chronicus is unknown. This disorder may occur with:

    Eczema (atopic dermatitis).

  • Psoriasis.

  • Nervousness, anxiety, depression, and other psychological disorders.

The disease is more common in children, who chronically scratch insect bites and other areas. It can also be common in mentally retarded children who have chronic repetitive movements.

Symptoms:

    Skin itching.

  • Scaling of the skin.

  • Reddened skin.

  • Skin lesion, patch, or plaque.

Diagnosis:

The diagnosis is primarily based on the appearance of the skin and a history of chronic itching and scratching. A skin lesion biopsy may be needed to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment:

The itching and inflammation may be treated with a lotion or steroid cream applied to the affected area of the skin. Peeling ointments, such as those containing salicylic acid, may be used on thickened lesions. Soaps or lotions containing coal tar may be recommended.

Other Treatment Options Include:

    Antihistamines to relieve the itching.

  • Corticosteroids creams.

  • Corticosteroid injections into the affected area to reduce itching and inflammation.

  • Occlusive dressing, which seals a wound completely, to prevent the person from scratching.

  • Sedatives and tranquilizers to reduce stress.

  • Antidepressants, if there is an emotional component to the condition.

  • Counseling, stress management, or behavior modification.

Side effects of treatment depend on the medication used. They may include drowsiness, dry mouth, and allergic reactions.

Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Cart Preview

Cheap Drugs May Help Prevent Dementia after a Stroke

Cheap Drugs May Help Prevent Dementia after a Stroke

A new research from the University of Edinburgh, UK, suggests that cheap cilostazol tablets may reduce damage to arteries, which lead to blood clots, resulting in strokes and cognitive decline. The researchers plan to assess the medications’ ability to cut the risk of...

Flavonoids in Fruits and Vegetables May Preserve Lung Function

Flavonoids in Fruits and Vegetables May Preserve Lung Function

A new study from the US discovers that flavonoids, natural compounds found in fruits and vegetables, may help preserve the lung function, which tends to decline with age. For the study, a team of researchers looked at data from 463 adults from Norway and England whose...

Quiz about this article

Please answer on few questions to make our service more useful

Featured Products

Spring is Here: Top 6 Outdoor Sports

Good weather is the best reason to do outdoor sports, which will help not only lose weight, but also will strengthen health. Bicycle The sun dries out the local paths, so you can safely sit on your favorite bike and confidently twist the pedals, where the eyes look....

read more

First Aid in Case of Injuries for Sport and Exercise

First aid for injuries consists of simple rules that need to be clearly implemented. If this is a closed injury, you need to immobilize the injured limb, otherwise the person may lose consciousness from a painful shock. If you need to get to the emergency room...

read more