- The most common cause of microcytic anemia is iron deficiency.
- A person who is suffering from a lot of bleeding is prone to suffer from this condition. In men, gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is the most frequent source of iron depletion. GI bleeding may be from ulcers, inflammatory bowel conditions or even severe hemorrhoids. In woman heavy bleeding during menstruation. Other than this, those who suffer from cancer and infections can also have decreased iron and increased bleeding. These are the other causes of microcytic anemia.
- Anemia of chronic disease is another cause of microcytic anemia. Usually this anemia is normocytic, but in a minority of cases an anemia of chronic disease can be microcytic. This type of anemia is common in patients on dialysis or with significant chronic renal insufficiency, or other patients with serious chronic medical problems.
- Lead poisoning is the next most common and one of the most serious causes of microcytic anemia. It needs to be suspected in any young child with microcytic anemia who does not respond quickly to iron supplementation, or who lives in a home with lead pain exposure. This is mostly older homes.
- Other hereditary conditions like hereditary spherocytosis or hereditary elliptocytosis. These are due to genetic mutations in red blood cell wall proteins that can lead to very small red blood cells that have fragile cell membranes.
- Other causes of microcytic anemia are quite uncommon.
- Fatigue and weakness.
- Shortness of breath.
- Chest pain.
- Problems in concentrating.
- Paleness of the skin.
- Coldness in hands and feet.
- Rapid heartbeat.
- Abnormal heart rhythm.
- A ferritin level <15 mcg/L confirms iron deficiency.
- If there is coexisting chronic inflammatory disease, the clinician should consider seeking specialist advice about other measures of iron status.
A new study from Exercise Medicine Clinic — CLINIMEX, Brazil, suggests that increased muscle power may help people live longer. The study included 3,878 participants aged from 41 to 85 years, none of whom was an athlete. Maximal muscle power of each participant was...
According to recent clinical research, with the results published in JAMA, high doses of vitamin D may prevent the growth of colorectal cancer in combination with chemotherapy. During the study, the researchers observed that progression of the disease in patients who...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...read more
It is time for us to find the solution how to deal with extra weight which is coming with Christmas and New Year’s celebrations because 2018 is almost over and 2019 is getting closer. The main aim is obviously staying in shape and today will find an effective way to...read more
We know that moderate exercise strengthens our health and makes us more beautiful. But few know about the importance of doing sports as psychotherapy. And, nevertheless, physical loads can save from depressions, reduce anxiety, relieve from professional burnout,...read more