Neuritis


Neuritis

Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Neuritis is a medical condition characterized by an inflamed nerve or an inflamed portion of the nervous system. Specifically, it affects the peripheral nerves (those outside the brain, spinal cord, or central nervous system), blocking sensory and motor functions, with pronounced symptoms.

Types may include: Adventitial neuritis, ascending neuritis, axial neuritis, brachial neuritis, central neuritis, descending neuritis, eichhorst neuritis, endemic neuritis, fallopian neuritis, interstitial neuritis, intraocular neuritis, leyden neuritis, multiple neuritis, occipital neuritis, optic neuritis, parenchymatous neuritis, retrobulbar neuritis, sciatic neuritis, segmental neuritis, suboccipital neuritis, toxic neuritis, traumatic neuritis.

Causes and risk factors may include:

    Faulty diet.

  • Faulty lifestyle

  • Chronic acidosis.

  • Overwork.

  • Nutritional deficiencies.

  • Metabolic disturbances.

  • General toxaemia.

  • A physical blow to the body.

  • Penetrating injury.

  • Bad bruise or heavy pressure over a nerve trunk.

  • Dislocation and fractures of the bones.

  • Violent muscular activity or over-extension of the joints.

  • Certain infections, like tuberculosis and diphtheria.

  • Pernicious anemia.

  • Presence of toxins in the body.

  • Diabetes mellitus.

  • Poisoning with insecticides, mercury, lead, arsenic or alcohol.

Miscellaneous causes:

    Compression of a nerve by casts, splints, braces, crutches, or other devices.

  • Decreased oxygen and blood flow (ischemia).

  • Direct injury of the nerve either by hitting the nerve.

  • Prolonged exposure to cold temperature.

  • Prolonged pressure on the nerve (such as a long surgery or lengthy illness).

Symptoms:

Symptoms may include:

    Tingling or burning sensation.

  • Stabbing pains in the affected nerves.

  • Numbness or loss of sensation.

  • Paralysis of the nearby muscles.

  • Temporary paralysis of the face.

  • Inability to close the eyes.

  • Difficulty to walk in the dark.

  • Color blindness.

  • Severe difficulty in seeing.

  • Paresthesia.

  • Paresis.

  • Wasting of the reflexes.

Diagnosis:

A doctor will conduct an interview and physical exam. He or she may ask questions about how you would describe your pain, when the pain occurs, or whether anything specific triggers the pain.

A thorough physical examination and neurological examination can help determine where the lesion is and asses nonneuropathic contribution to the patient's pain most commonly musculoskeletal, inflammatory, myofascial, and psychological processes.

Laboratory tests may include: CBC with differential, sed rate (sedimentation rate), chem profile, thyroid, B12, folate, fasting blood sugar, glycohemoglobin, protein electrophoresis, Lyme titers, Hepatitis B/C, HIV, Anti-nuclear, Sjogren's titers, Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs), Rheumatoid factor, cryoglobulins, Anti-sulfide antibody titers, Anti-Hu titers, heavy metal - serum/urine screens, CSF for demylinating diseases & meningeal carcinomatosis, biopsies Dx for vasculitis, amyloidosis, sarcoidosis.

Treatment:

Treatment of neuritis may include:

    Identifying and treating any underlying medical problem.

  • Helping the patient gain maximum independence and self-care ability.

  • Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and orthopedic interventions may be recommended. For example, exercises and retraining may be used to increase muscle strength and control. Wheelchairs, braces, and splints may improve mobility or the ability to use an affected arm or leg.

  • Safety is an important consideration for people with neuritis. Lack of muscle control and reduced sensation increase the risk of falls and other injuries. The person may not notice a potential source of injury because he or she can't feel it. For example, one may not notice if water in a bathtub is too hot. For this reason, people with decreased sensation should check their feet or other affected areas frequently for bruises, open skin areas, or other injuries, which may go unnoticed and become severely infected. Often, a podiatrist can determine if special orthotic devices are needed.

Pharmacological Intervention:

Prescription pain medications may be needed to control nerve pain. Anticonvulsants, tricyclic antidepressants, or other medications may be used to reduce the stabbing pains. Use the lowest dose possible to avoid side effects. Drugs must be taken under the supervision and guidance of your doctor.

Home Remedies May Include:

    Neuritis treatment using Soya Bean Milk: The most important among the home remedies in tile treatment of neuritis is soya bean milk. A cup of this milk, mixed with a teaspoon of honey, should be taken every night. It tones up the nervous system due to its rich concentration of lecithin, vitamin B and glutamic acid. Soya bean milk is prepared by soaking the beans in water for about twelve hours. The skin of the beans is then removed and after a thorough wash, they are turned into a fine paste in a grinding machine. The paste is mixed with water, three times its quantity. The milk is then boiled on a slow fire, and stirred frequently. After it becomes a little cooler, it should be strained through a cheesecloth and sugar added to it.

  • Neuritis treatment using Carrot and Spinach: Raw carrots and spinach have proved valuable in neuritis as both these vegetables are rich in elements, the deficiency of which leads to this disease. The quickest and most effective way in which the body can obtain and assimilate these dements is by drinking at least half a litre of the combined raw juices of carrot and spinach - 300 ml of carrot juice and 200 ml of spinach juice - daily.

  • Neuritis treatment using Barley Brew: Barley brew is another effective remedy for neuritis. It is prepared by boiling quarter of a cup of pearled barley rain in half a cup of water. Then the water has boiled down to about one-quarter, it should be strained carefully. For better results, It should be mixed with half a glass of buttermilk and the' juice of half a lime.

  • Neuritis treatment using Orange Flowers: The use of orange flowers has also been found useful in neuritis. The water distilled from these flowers is a stimulating and refreshing drink, and should be taken regularly by the patient. The finest quality is one distilled from the petals of the bitter orange.

  • Neuritis treatment using Vitamin B: All vitamins of the B group are valuable ill neuritis. A combination of vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, and pantothenic acid have proved to be of immense help in this disease; in fad, extreme pain, weakness, and numbness, in some cases, have been relieved within an hour.

NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

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