- Excessive use of alcholol.
- Vocal abuse.
- Chronic postnasal discharge with laryngeal irritation.
- Endocrine dyscrasia.
- Vitamin A and B deficiency.
- Virus infection.
Pachydermia laryngis Diagnosis:The objective mirror examination is characteristic. The physician may find discrete or confluent, flat or papillary, grey-white, irregular patches covering the laryngeal mucosa. The patches may occasionally involve one side only, but more often they are irregularly bilateral in distribution. One may observe strict demarcation between normal mucosa and the borders of involved tissue. There is always an inflammatory cell infiltration of the subepithelial tissue.Treatment:Treatment Options:Both medical and surgical techniques are usually employed. In general, medical management is based on variety of therapeutic agents. Some of the more common ones are sulfonamide drugs and penicillin. The antibiotics administered by aerosol, lozenges, spray and by oral parenteral methods. Apart from this vitamin supplementation may also be helpful.From the surgical viewpoint, stripping of the involved laryngeal mucous membrane is considered as treatment of choice. The surgery will performed under general anesthesia. Technically, this procedure may be carried out with the aid of the Robert retention laryngoscope, Lynch suspension laryngoscope, or laryngeal forceps.NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
A new study, published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, finds that a hot bath may help reduce inflammation and improve metabolism. As a part of an experiment, each study participant took a hot bath with water temperature 102°F (39°C) for one hour. The researchers...
New research, executed by scientists from Iowa State University, finds that lifting weights for less than an hour once a week may lower the risk of heart attack or stroke by 40–70%. The researchers also add that performing weight exercises for more than an hour...
Factors such as age, gender, physical activity, genetics, medical history, body type, and others directly affect not only the desire to lose weight, but also to follow the right diet. Everything is relative, everything is individual. Nevertheless, there are universal...read more
It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...read more
A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....read more