Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
Alternative Names: Exanthema subitum, Dukes disease, fourth disease, sixth disease, pseudorubella, roseola infantilis, baby measles or Tigdas Hangin.
Roseola infantum is a mild viral disease affecting infants and young children. It typically affects children aged six months to two years. It is rare after the age of two. Up to 95% of children have been shown to be infected with the virus by the age of two, but only about one-third of these children will present with the rash of roseola.
It is caused by human HHV-6 (herpes virus type 6), less commonly, HHV-7 and is spread from person to person by droplets from the nose or mouth travelling through the air or by direct contact. The incubation period is 9-10 days and it is most infectious when the rash appears. The risk to the child increases with exposure to a day care centre or to public places.
Additional modes of transmission may be possible, including intrauterine or perinatal transmission. The HHV-6 genome has been found in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of `otherwise healthy newborns and in the cervical secretions of pregnant women. Breast feeding, however, does not appear to be a major route of transmission to infants.
Roseola is most contagious (passed from one person to another) before the rash appears and when your child has a fever. Keep your child home from day care or school until the fever is gone and your child is feeling better.
General symptoms may include:
Swelling of lymph glands of the neck.
Bright red, spotted rash mainly confined to the trunk and arms.It usually sparse on the face and legs.
Fever, sometimes very high.
Complications may include:
The major problem is the possibility of febrile convulsions, as the child's temperature mayrise very quickly. Febrile convulsions are convulsions (fits) triggered by fever. They rarelycause any ongoing problems.
Sometimes, roseola can lead to ear infections.
The rash can misdiagnosewith measles or rubella.
Precise laboratory diagnosis of primary HHV-6infection remains difficult, generally requiring researchlaboratory techniques. Although a number of serologicalassays are available, including enzyme immunoassay,indirect immunofluorescent, anti-complementimmunofluorescence, competitive radioimmune andneutralization assays. Diagnosis can be confirmed by culture, PCR, or serologic tests.
Offer the child lots of water and drinks.
There is no known treatment for this virus. Treatment is generally symptomatic. The main thing to keep in mind is that this virus can cause high fevers. Until the fever drops, you can help keep your child cool using a sponge or towel soaked in lukewarm water. Do not use ice, cold water, alcohol rubs, fans or cold baths. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help to reduce your child's fever. Risk and benefits must be discussed with your primary care physician.
NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
A large-scale review of clinical trials for the past 25 years confirms that walnuts are the great choice for people who want to support their cardiovascular health. The scientists reviewed 26 randomized studies with 1,059 participants in total whose age was from 22 to...
A new study, published in the medical journal JAMA, finds that the more teenagers involved in social media, the higher their risk is to develop the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These symptoms may include inattention, hyperactivity,...
We all know that doing sports is very important, both for health and for a beautiful body. But at the moment when we decide to finally take the path, we are faced with the question: what kind of sport is right for me? So, let's start with the fact that a lot of people...read more
Pranayama is not just a complex of breathing exercises. It is a complex process, during which a person receives vital energy - prana from the air. Literally pranayama is translated as "stopping breathing". Hence the main goal of the whole breathing gymnastics is to be...read more
Experts often advise people as suitable trainings to climb stairs, rather than use the elevator. And here are 6 reasons why we should do this regularly. Classes on the treadmill or with the ellipsoid simulator in daily mode seem too boring. They can be replaced by a...read more