Tenesmus


Tenesmus

Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Tenesmus is a spurious feeling of the need to evacuate the bowels, with little or no stool passed. Tenesmus may be constant or intermittent, and is usually accompanied by pain, cramping and involuntary straining efforts. It can be a temporary and transient problem related to constipation. The term rectal tenesmus is sometimes used to differentiate from vesical tenesmus, which is an overwhelming desire to empty the bladder.

Types:

    Rectal tenesmus.

  • Bladder tenesmus.

There are number of possible causes of tenesmus but the most common is inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Other common causes include:

    Crohn's disease.

  • Ulcerative colitis.

  • Anorectal abscess.

  • Infective colitis.

  • Colorectal tumors, especially polyps.

  • Radiation proctitis; this may follow irradiation for tumors of other sites, such as bladder tumors, cervical carcinoma and prostatic tumors.

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

  • Endometriosis; can affect the rectum and cause pain and tenesmus.

  • Frequent travelling and change of places can bring about dietary and other related changes in some people may be an underlying cause of tenesmus. It is important to note the changes and consult your doctor for the same.

The prevalence of tenesmus has not been accurately documented but is most commonly encountered in patients with carcinomas of the rectum or other pelvic region.

Symptoms:

    Fever.

  • Nausea.

  • Abdominal pain.

  • Blood in the stool.

  • Vomiting.

  • Chills.

Diagnosis:

The physical examination may include a detailed abdominal examination. A rectal examination is performed in most cases.

Tests that may be done include:

    Complete blood count (CBC).

  • Colonoscopy to look at the colon and rectum.

  • Proctosigmoidoscopy (an examination of the lower bowel).

  • Stool cultures.

  • CT scan of the abdomen (in rare cases).

  • X-rays of the abdomen.

Treatment:

If you are struggling with tenesmus, there are a number of treatment options available. In most cases, your symptom can be relieved using home remedies.

If an IBD or motility disorder is causing your symptoms, you can help relieve your cramps and discomfort by making some diet and lifestyle changes. Eating a diet that is high in fiber is one of the best ways to relieve your tenesmus. Eating at least 20 grams of fiber every day will make your stool softer and add weight to it. This helps your body pass the stool more easily. If you have ulcers or scarring in your GI tract, you should be able to pass a softer stool more easily and with less pain. Drinking enough water is important in making sure your stool is soft as well.

Physical activity stimulates movement in your intestines. Exercising regularly can help your tenesmus by helping your intestines move your waste through your GI tract. These home treatment options also double as great tenesmus prevention methods.

Medical Management: Medication can reduce gastrointestinal irritation, or surgery can be performed in order to repair any damaged intestines. For a case caused by an anorectal abscess, the pus-filled pocket can be treated by a procedure to surgically remove the pus. Further infection can be prevented by keeping the anal area clean and disinfected or by using condoms during anal intercourse to prevent sexually transmitted diseases. Tenesmus that is a symptom of colorectal cancer may subside after cancer treatment.

NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cart Preview

Regular Walking May Reduce Stroke Severity

Regular Walking May Reduce Stroke Severity

A new study, conducted by the scientists from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, finds that light and moderate physical activity, for example walking and swimming, may help reduce the stroke severity. The study included approximately data from 1,000 individuals...

Regular Use of Probiotics May Cut the Need for Antibiotics

Regular Use of Probiotics May Cut the Need for Antibiotics

According to the latest study, published in the European Journal of Public Health, regular use of probiotics may cut the necessity for antibiotics and help decrease the rise of antibiotic resistance. Having performed the analysis of the data, collected from recent...

[WpProQuiz 1]

Featured Products

The 5 Best Accessories for Sports Fans

It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...

read more

Exercise May Serve as an Antidepressant

A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....

read more

Fitness: Warm Ups Can Chill Out the Perfomance

The warm ups are supposed to increase body temperature and blood flow so the muscles and surrounding joints become more responsive and prepared for physical activity. Although there’s a neurological element to warm-ups, most research focuses on the physiological...

read more