Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
Alternative Name: Pityriasis versicolor.
Tinea versicolor is a type of dermatomycosis that is caused by yeast that interferes with normal tanning. Dermatomycosis is a term that includes a variety of superficial skin infections caused by fungi or yeast. These types of infections almost always only affect skin, hair, and/or nails. In people with severe immune problems, these infections can become more serious and invasive.
Tinea versicolor has small, scaly white-to-pink or tan-to-dark spots, which can be scattered over the upper arms, chest and back. They may sometimes appear on the neck and the face. On light skin, tinea versicolor may be faint or can appear as tan-to-pink spots, while on dark skin tinea versicolor may be light or dark.
The fungus that causes tinea versicolor, Malassezia furfur, Pityrosporum ovale, which are normally present in small numbers on the skin and scalp. Overgrowth of the yeast leads to infection
Age: More common in adolescents and young adults.
Skin: More common in people with naturally oily or excessively sweaty skin.
Climate: More common in warm and humid climates.
Immunosuppression — when your immune system is unable to protect your body from the growth of yeast or fungus on your skin or elsewhere.
Sex: More common in men.
Light scaling on affected areas.
Slight itching, which is worse when the person is hot.
Patches most noticeable in summer months.
Uneven skin color, with either white or light brown patches.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. You may need to bereferred to a doctor who specializes in skin disorders (dermatologist). The doctor may use an ultraviolet light to see the patches more clearly and may scrape the patch to send a sample for testing.A skin scraping that is examined under a microscope should show the yeast.
Tinea versicolor is treated with topical or oral medications. Topical treatment includes special cleansers including some shampoos, creams, or lotions applied directly to the skin.
Topical medications may include:
Ciclopirox (Loprox) cream, gel or lotion.
Ketoconazole (Nizoral) cream or shampoo.
Selenium sulfide 2.5 percent lotion.
Several oral medications have been used successfully to treat tinea versicolor. Because of possible side effects, or interactions with other medications, the use of these prescription medicines should be supervised by your dermatologist.
Oral medications may include:
Itraconazole (Sporanox) capsules.
Fluconazole (Diflucan) tablets.
Ketoconazole (Nizoral) tablets.
After any form of treatment, the uneven color of the skin may remain several months after the yeast has been eliminated until the skin re-pigments normally.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
According to recent clinical research, with the results published in JAMA, high doses of vitamin D may prevent the growth of colorectal cancer in combination with chemotherapy. During the study, the researchers observed that progression of the disease in patients who...
A new study from Boston University, US, demonstrates that electrostimulation may improve the working memory in people in their 70s. In the course of the study, the researchers asked a group of people in their 20s and a group in their 60s and 70s to complete a bunch of...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...read more
It is time for us to find the solution how to deal with extra weight which is coming with Christmas and New Year’s celebrations because 2018 is almost over and 2019 is getting closer. The main aim is obviously staying in shape and today will find an effective way to...read more
We know that moderate exercise strengthens our health and makes us more beautiful. But few know about the importance of doing sports as psychotherapy. And, nevertheless, physical loads can save from depressions, reduce anxiety, relieve from professional burnout,...read more