Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
Alternative Name: Pityriasis versicolor.
Tinea versicolor is a type of dermatomycosis that is caused by yeast that interferes with normal tanning. Dermatomycosis is a term that includes a variety of superficial skin infections caused by fungi or yeast. These types of infections almost always only affect skin, hair, and/or nails. In people with severe immune problems, these infections can become more serious and invasive.
Tinea versicolor has small, scaly white-to-pink or tan-to-dark spots, which can be scattered over the upper arms, chest and back. They may sometimes appear on the neck and the face. On light skin, tinea versicolor may be faint or can appear as tan-to-pink spots, while on dark skin tinea versicolor may be light or dark.
The fungus that causes tinea versicolor, Malassezia furfur, Pityrosporum ovale, which are normally present in small numbers on the skin and scalp. Overgrowth of the yeast leads to infection
Age: More common in adolescents and young adults.
Skin: More common in people with naturally oily or excessively sweaty skin.
Climate: More common in warm and humid climates.
Immunosuppression — when your immune system is unable to protect your body from the growth of yeast or fungus on your skin or elsewhere.
Sex: More common in men.
Light scaling on affected areas.
Slight itching, which is worse when the person is hot.
Patches most noticeable in summer months.
Uneven skin color, with either white or light brown patches.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. You may need to bereferred to a doctor who specializes in skin disorders (dermatologist). The doctor may use an ultraviolet light to see the patches more clearly and may scrape the patch to send a sample for testing.A skin scraping that is examined under a microscope should show the yeast.
Tinea versicolor is treated with topical or oral medications. Topical treatment includes special cleansers including some shampoos, creams, or lotions applied directly to the skin.
Topical medications may include:
Ciclopirox (Loprox) cream, gel or lotion.
Ketoconazole (Nizoral) cream or shampoo.
Selenium sulfide 2.5 percent lotion.
Several oral medications have been used successfully to treat tinea versicolor. Because of possible side effects, or interactions with other medications, the use of these prescription medicines should be supervised by your dermatologist.
Oral medications may include:
Itraconazole (Sporanox) capsules.
Fluconazole (Diflucan) tablets.
Ketoconazole (Nizoral) tablets.
After any form of treatment, the uneven color of the skin may remain several months after the yeast has been eliminated until the skin re-pigments normally.
Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
A new study, published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, finds that a hot bath may help reduce inflammation and improve metabolism. As a part of an experiment, each study participant took a hot bath with water temperature 102°F (39°C) for one hour. The researchers...
New research, executed by scientists from Iowa State University, finds that lifting weights for less than an hour once a week may lower the risk of heart attack or stroke by 40–70%. The researchers also add that performing weight exercises for more than an hour...
Factors such as age, gender, physical activity, genetics, medical history, body type, and others directly affect not only the desire to lose weight, but also to follow the right diet. Everything is relative, everything is individual. Nevertheless, there are universal...read more
It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...read more
A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....read more