Pregnancy is considered to be the best period of women’s life. However, it brings a lot of discomfort and problems in the life of a future mother and requires all her strength to carry a baby and take care of herself and her family.
Fatigue and tiredness are common for the first weeks of pregnancy. A woman may describe this feeling as exhaustion.
Tiredness in the first trimester
Usually tiredness is most prominent during the first trimester (the first 12 weeks). It may be explained by several possible causes:
- High progesterone level is linked to the feeling of sleepiness;
- Lack of sleep due to backache, frequent urination and mood swings, especially depressive thoughts results in the increased tiredness;
- Depression is caused by the constant worries that a pregnant woman has to face;
- Nausea and vomiting weaken a woman, she loses a lot of fluid and minerals and becomes even more tired;
- Blood pressure drops causing decreased blood flow to the brain;
- Glucose levels in the serum also decrease due to the nourishment of the fetus;
Tiredness in the second trimester
Typically during the second trimester woman feels better and this period is often considered to be the best weeks of pregnancy. In some cases fatigue may persist, but it is uncommon and may signalize about the possible pregnancy complication (for example, gestational diabetes, hypothyroidism or gestational hypertension). Some women suffer from the restless legs syndrome.
Tiredness in the third trimester
In the third trimester the condition worsens again as it becomes harder for a woman to fall asleep because of the severe back pain, frequent urination and inability to lie down comfortably. Frequent urination in the third trimester is caused by the pressure of the pregnant womb on the bladder.
Iron-deficiency anemia is common in pregnant women, especially late in the pregnancy, due to the needs of the growing fetus, insufficient oxygen supply therefore causes fatigue;
Coping with fatigue
To deal with fatigue pregnant women is recommended:
- To sleep more, go to bed earlier and take naps during the day.
Sleep is essential for our body, it helps our brain to restore its resources and provide a mother with energy;
- To plan a day, create a schedule.
Creating a schedule may help a pregnant mother to be more organized and do everything in time;
- To take care of herself, have a rest and relax more.
Pregnant women are usually anxious and worried about their baby, its health and well being. It is important for a woman to have enough rest and keep calm because her emotions are affecting a baby as well;
- To eat healthy food, plenty of vitamins, dairy products, fish, lean meat, at least 5 portions of fruits and vegetables per day are considered necessary. It is also important to eat regularly and often. Six-meals pro day are recommended.
It was estimated that a pregnant woman doesn’t need the extra calories in the first trimester, in the second trimester she should consume additionally about 300-350 calories per day – about 500 calories. When a woman is expecting several children, she should consume extra 300 calories per day for every fetus ;
- To drink enough fluid – approximately 2 litrsr per day;
Vomiting and frequent urination cause excessive fluid loss which drops blood pressure even more. Drinking enough fluid helps to restore the body fluid volume;
- To perform exercises for pregnant woman.
Light exercises help a woman’s body to stay fit, prepare her body and muscles for the delivery, reduce the pain in the back, and decrease the risk to gain too much weight.