Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
The central nervous system (CNS) is made up of the brain and spinal cord. Messages (nerve impulses) from the brain travel along the spinal cord and control the activities of the body such as movement of the arms and legs or function of the organs.
Transverse myelitis is a rare disease of the central nervous system involving inflammation in the spinal cord. The term myelitis is a nonspecific term for inflammation of the spinal cord; transverse refers to involvement across one level of the spinal cord. TM is a neurologic syndrome caused by inflammation of the spinal cord, which often targets insulating material covering nerve cell fibers (myelin).
Types may include: Acute necrotizing myelitis, acute transverse myelitis, ascending myelitis, bulbar myelitis, concussion myelitis, demyelinated myelitis, Foix-Alajouanine myelitis, funicular myelitis, postinfectious myelitis, postvaccinal myelitis, radiation myelitis, subacute necrotizing myelitis, systemic myelitis, and transverse myelitis.
The exact cause of TM is no known, although it is thought to be the result of the immune system mistakenly attacking the spinal cord. This is called an autoimmune reaction. However, there are a number of conditions that appear to trigger or contribute to the disorder. These conditions include:
Mycoplasma pneumonia, a relatively mild form of pneumonia caused by a bacterium, may act as a trigger for the immune system mechanisms causing transverse myelitis.
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system destroys myelin surrounding nerves in your spinal cord and brain. Transverse myelitis may be the first sign of multiple sclerosis or represent a relapse of symptoms. Transverse myelitis occurring as a sign of multiple sclerosis usually manifests on one side of your body only.
Neuromyelitis optica (Devic's disease) is a condition that causes inflammation and loss of myelin around the spinal cord and the optic nerve, the nerve in your eye that transmits information to your brain.
Autoimmune disorders affecting other body systems are likely contributing factors in some people with transverse myelitis. These disorders include lupus, which can affect multiple body systems, and Sj
Viral infections of the respiratory tract or the gastrointestinal tract have been implicated in transverse myelitis. In most cases, the inflammatory disorder appears after a person has recovered from the viral infection.
A recent research from the US finds that people who go to bed and wake up early have a lower risk of developing depression. A team of researchers analyzed the relevant medical data of 32,470 female participants who were aged 55 years on average. In 2009, at the start...
A new study from the Netherlands finds that smoking and diabetes are linked to the calcium buildup in the hippocampus, a part of the brain which is important for memory. Within the tasks of the study, a team of scientists examined the multiplanar brain CT scans of...
Quiz about this article
0 of 2 questions completed
Please answer on few questions to make our service more useful
You have already completed the quiz before. Hence you can not start it again.
Quiz is loading...
You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz.
You have to finish following quiz, to start this quiz:
0 of 2 questions answered correctly
Time has elapsed
You have reached 0 of 0 points, (0)
- Question 1 of 2
Was this article useful for you?Correct
Thanks for your feedback!Incorrect
Thanks for your feedback!
- Question 2 of 2
What else information about this disease you want to know ?Correct
Thanks for feedback!Incorrect
Thanks for feedback!
Good weather is the best reason to do outdoor sports, which will help not only lose weight, but also will strengthen health. Bicycle The sun dries out the local paths, so you can safely sit on your favorite bike and confidently twist the pedals, where the eyes look....read more
First aid for injuries consists of simple rules that need to be clearly implemented. If this is a closed injury, you need to immobilize the injured limb, otherwise the person may lose consciousness from a painful shock. If you need to get to the emergency room...read more
Many people spontaneously decide starting to do sport, while others weigh all the pros and cons for a log time. But almost all of them make the same mistakes, listening to the advice of non experts. There are 10 anti-tips for those who want to do plan to do some sport...read more