Tympanitis: Definition, Description, Causes and Risk Factors:Inflammation of the tympanic membrane (TM).The eardrum, or tympanic membrane, is a thin, cone-shaped membrane that separates the external ear from the middle ear in humans and other tetrapods (A vertebrate animal having four feet or legs or leglike appendages). Its function is to transmit sound from the air to the ossicles inside the middle ear. The malleus bone bridges the gap between the eardrum and the other ossicles.Tympanitis MedigooThe are two general regions of the tympanic membrane: the pars flaccida and the pars densa. The pars flaccida consists of two layers, is relatively fragile, and is associated with eustachian tube dysfunction and cholesteatomas. The larger pars densa region consists of three layers (ectoderm, entoderm, and mesoderm), is comparatively robust, and is the region most commonly associated with perforations.Tympanitis is a painful problem caused by inflammation of the middle ear as well as oozing blisters on the eardrum. It normally is a secondary complication of a viral or bacterial infection. An individual with tympanitis is expected to involve pain that radiates as well as some degree of loss of hearing over the normal course of 2 days as a blister develops. It is very important to get medical attention at an emergency room or otolaryngologist specialist's office at the beginning of pain in the ear in order to receive treatment which is appropriate.Types:Acute tympanitis can occur because of direct trauma to the TM through penetration by a foreign body.
  • Primary tympanitis may also be caused by unsuccessful removal of a foreign body, such as a live insect, or it may occur during self-cleaning of the ear. An explosion, a change in the pressure in an airplane cabin, a blow to the ear with the palm, or even a kiss in the ear can cause trauma to the TM.
  • Acute bullous tympanitis can be the consequence of a bacterial infection such as Streptococcus pneumoniae or a viral infection such as influenza, herpes zoster, and others.
  • Acute hemorrhagic tympanitis can also be the consequence of a bacterial or a viral infection.
  • Fungal tympanitis can be the consequence of a fungal infection of the TM's epidermis.
  • Eczematous tympanitis can occur in cases of dermal eczema of the TM's epidermis.
  • Tympanitis granulosa occurs when the TM is covered with granulation tissue. The causes of this destruction of the TM's epidermis are rarely clear, except when a similar case is demonstrated during a myringoplasty, when the epidermis perishes, or when the mucosa, expanding from a tympanic membrane perforation, erases an epidermis.
Approximately 8% of children age 6 months to 12 years with have acute bullous tympanitis.Symptoms:Generally, the patient presents with a 2- to 3-day history of ear congestion and mild hearing loss. Patients often have a history of self-cleaning of the EAC, trauma, or penetration of water into the EAC. Sensations of heaviness and slight pain in the ear are common. Sometimes an itch is present in the EAC, or discharge from it is noted.General symptoms may include:Earache, severe and increasing in its severity.
  • Earache, severe, then subsides and is followed by discharge from the ear.
  • Drainage from the ear—may have blood or pus.
  • Hearing loss or difficulty hearing out of the affected ear.
  • Buzzing or other noise in the ear.
  • Tenderness over mastoid process.
  • Fever.
Diagnosis:Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. During the exam, the doctor will examine the ear with an otoscope and look to see if the eardrum has been perforated. The perforation is sometimes difficult to see because of the thick drainage in the ear. Doctors may also perform an audiology test to determine if any hearing loss has occurred.

Tympanitis Treatment:

Treatment of tympanitis may include the following:Antibiotics.
  • Antibiotics accompanied by steroid ear drops.
  • Ear drops which offer local anesthesia.
  • Rupturing any vesicles on the eardrum.
  • Infectious tympanitis is usually treated with antibiotics.
  • If an acute otitis media develops or the infectious tympanitis is bacterial in nature, then oral antibiotics are the mainstay of therapy.
  • Chronic tympanitis treatment involves antibiotic ear drops but may respond to acetic acid ear canal irrigations followed by application of steroid cream.
  • If the pain is severe, the blisters may be lanced and pain-killing drugs may be prescribed.
Home Remedies:Garlic extract is also used for the purpose to reduce down the inflammation in the ear and to also cure & fight infection. A very beneficial home remedy in tympanitis.
  • Eat fresh pineapple or drink freshly prepared pineapple juice since it helps to reduce down the inflammation in the ears as well as the canals. A very beneficial home remedy in tympanitis.
  • Putting 2 to 4 drops of warm but not hot garlic extract into the affected ear is very useful. A very beneficial home remedy in tympanitis.
  • Lukewarm water with few onion drops in it can be taken as few drops in the ear. A very beneficial home remedy in tympanitis.
  • Putting 2 to 4 drops of warm but not hot garlic extract into the affected ear is very useful. A very beneficial home remedy in tympanitis.
  • Crush fenugreek seeds and then put them in hot oil filter this preparation allow it to be bearably warm then one can use these oil drops into the affected ear. A very beneficial home remedy in tympanitis.
  • In teaspoonful of mustard oil put a single clove of garlic and roast it. Let it cool a bit. Then take the clove and squeeze it into the ears, so that the squeezed out oil falls directly into the ears.
  • Yoga must also be performed as it helps to increases the circulating blood into the body as well as it oxygenates the whole body and various tissues in it with adequate amount of oxygen as well as blood.
  • There are various ayurvedic oils that are beneficial in ear aches, tinnitus and deafness as Apaamarga Kshaara Taila, Hingwadi Taila, these oils are generally used for the externally purpose and when rubbed on the ear one can wrap warm towel over the ear to make the vapors of these oils to go into the ear canal. A very beneficial home remedy in tympanitis.
  • Shirodhara therapy is also very beneficial in tympanitis as it brings about the calmness and concentration in the mind freeing it from various tensions and stress. A very beneficial home remedy in tympanitis.
  • One must consume a cupful of milk along with ghee in it and it must be blended thoroughly. Consuming it not only benefits just in tympanitis but even in various discomforts of the ear.
  • Take a teaspoonful of mustard oil and add a single clove of garlic and roast it. Let it cool a bit. Then take the clove and squeeze it into the ears, so that the squeezed out oil falls directly into the ears. This is a very effective remedy to cure the imaginary sounds in the ears that are caused due to cold climates and high altitudes. This is one of the good natural remedy for tympanitis as well as tinnitus.
  • Another home remedy is to grate onions and placing them in a cloth extract the juice from it the mix this juice into rice this shall benefit in tympanitis.
  • Warm some juice of the Tulsi leaves (Holy Basil, Osmium sanctum) and put two to three drops of this juice in each ear. Do this once a day continuously for about three to four days. A very beneficial home remedy in Tympanitis.
NOTE: The above information is for processing purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


  1. Tara manjania

    Hi u r suggesting with clear heart . It’s fine

  2. Concerned teacher

    Hi, I have a student that had tympanitis and had an operation to fix it. She also had an adenoidectomy and a tonsillectomy. This was done a year ago. She is struggling in school and the parents are attributing her progress to the forementioned surgeries. Do the surgeries have any affect on cognitive ability. Also parents are saying that the child can no longer take part in any swimming or water fun activities because of the operations.

    • maisteri

      These surgeries do not affect the cognitive abilities. However, the child may have some psychological issues that may affect her performance at school.
      There are several different surgeries that may be done due to tympanitis and the precautions depend on the type of the surgery, although once the site of the surgery has healed usually there is no need to avoid water and swimming anymore.


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