Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Urosepsis is a serious secondary infection which occurs when an infection in the urinary tract spreads to the bloodstream. People with urosepsis have bacteria in their blood. Left untreated, this can potentially be fatal. Due to the risk of urosepsis, people are usually advised to receive prompt treatment for urinary tract infections, especially if they are members of a population which is at increased risk of secondary infections which arise from urinary tract infections. If urosepsis is suspected, treatment should be aggressive and timely to minimize complications.

Urosepsis is caused by a bacterial infection of the urinary tract or prostate that spreads into the bloodstream. Even if you are in general good health, many of the bacteria that cause urosepsis can normally occur in your intestines.

Risk Factors:

    Advanced age.

  • Diabetes.

  • Fecal incontinence (inability to control stools).

  • Female gender.

  • Immobility.

  • Incomplete bladder emptying or urinary retention.

  • Polycystic kidney disease.

  • Pregnancy.

  • Surgeries or procedures involving the urinary tract.

  • Urinary tract obstruction by stones, an enlarged prostate, urethral scarring, or other causes.

  • Use of catheters to drain urine.

Preventive measures:

    Empty your bladder often. Avoid holding urine for long periods of time.

  • After a bowel movement, women should wipe from front to back. Use each tissue only once.

  • Empty your bladder before and after sexual intercourse.


Symptoms may include:

    Abdominal, pelvic or back pain or cramping.

  • Bloody or pink-colored urine (hematuria).

  • Cloudy urine.

  • Difficult or painful urination, or burning with urination (dysuria).

  • Fever and chills.

  • Foul-smelling urine.

  • Frequent urination.

  • General ill feeling.

  • Pain during sexual intercourse.

  • Urgent need to urinate.


Your caregiver may suspect urosepsis based on your history and a physical exam. Urine and blood tests may be done. Other tests, such as X-rays, ultrasound exams, or a CT scan may be used to determine the severity of your condition.


The primary treatment for urosepsis is the use of antibiotics to get rid of the infection. Your treatment may also include supportive measures such as intravenous fluids (IV fluids), and oxygen therapy may be used. If your case is severe, medications may be used to increase your blood pressure and mechanical ventilation may be required.

NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


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