- Increasing age.
- Positive family history.
- Hormonal changes.
- Contraceptive pill use.
- Lack of movement.
- Sun exposure.
- Mild swelling of ankles.
- Achingsitting or standing for a long time.
- Throbbing or cramping.
- Rash that is itchy or irritated.
- Darkening of skin.
- Restless legs.
- Three bandage test: To assess site of perforator reflux
- Perthes test: To assess patency of deep venous system
- Venotonic drugs like flavonoids.
A new Finnish study, published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology, finds that endurance exercises may change the composition of gut microbiota. The researchers developed a 6-week program of bicycle training and enrolled 17 overweight women for this program. All...
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